Online College Courses for Credit

2 Tutorials that teach Framework for feedback
Take your pick:
Framework for feedback

Framework for feedback

Author: Trisha Fyfe

This lesson introduces two useful frameworks for giving feedback to colleagues.

See More

Like what you're learning?

Enhancing Instruction with Technology

Take the whole course from Capella University FOR FREE


Source: Image of 2 question markc, Public Domain,; Image of light bulb, Public Domain,

Video Transcription

Download PDF

Welcome to a tutorial on framework for feedback. In today's tutorial, we will discuss the following two questions. What is the 2 + 2 framework for feedback? And, why would a teacher want to use this framework? What is the 2 + 2 feedback model? Well, it consists of giving two compliments and offering two suggestions for improvement.

So this could be something that colleagues could use when you're evaluating each other, or maybe another teacher, evaluating something that you have done as a teacher. Or you can give this task to your students to use for evaluating each other's work.

So why use 2 + 2 feedback? Well, it really enhances that critical thinking and the engagement of the content for both the giver and the receiver. Not only will the giver be really thinking about and engaging in the content so that they can come up with those compliments and suggestions for improvement, but they will also be really critically thinking about things that could change to make this piece of work better. You're getting a really broad range of feedback and very balanced feedback as well, not just all positive or not just all negative.

Here's an example of 2 + 2 for, maybe, a student's paragraph that you've asked them to write. Two examples of compliments on a paragraph might be, in this paragraph, you used excellent paragraph format. Another compliment might be, your correct use of punctuation, especially commas, was also great.

So again, it's more specific than just saying, you used great punctuation. We're adding in here that there were some areas where commas were used appropriately, and we're giving this all in positive words. Something to think about as a teacher when you're using the 2 + 2 model is that it would be really important for you to set the stage in this model.

Let's look at some suggestions for feedback on the same paragraph. We could have, one thing that we can work on it adding more description. You can do this by using adjectives and adverbs. So this entails really critically thinking about, what are some specific ways that this paragraph can be improved on. Again, really important for you to teach your students by modeling how to do this.

Adjectives and adverbs are some very specific examples for improvement. Another piece of feedback, or a suggestion for improvement, that we might see would be, you could also strengthen this paragraph by using an attention-grabbing statement at the very beginning. This will hook your audience. Again, it's important to model this and teach your students that it needs to be very specific feedback.

This is such an easy, simple model to use, both within your colleague group and also with your students. It's very easy to model and teach your students how to do this, and what a great skill for them to have, that self-evaluation and reflection upon their own compliments and suggestions that were given to them as the receiver, but also doing that for another student as the giver. It really forces them to use some great thinking skills.

It also will help your classroom community greatly as well. Not only will you help build trust within your classroom, you'll also help in those collaboration skills and communication skills that are so important for our students.

Let's talk about what we learned today. We talked about the 2 + 2 framework for feedback. And what is that 2 + 2 model? Remember, two compliments plus two suggestions for improvement. Number two, why would a teacher use this framework. And again, let's go back to those benefits which are so many. It's a simple model to use.

Very easy for you to teach your students and model, great for students in collaborating, and working together, and trusting each other, and also allowing your students to have those great opportunities for critical thinking and engaging in not only their work but also other students work.

As always, I've really enjoyed discussing these ideas with you today and I hope that you are able to use this 2 + 2 model for framework every day in your classroom. So how can we apply these ideas? What are the benefits to using the 2 + 2 model? When might you choose to use this framework for feedback in your own teaching?

Now it's your turn to apply what you've learned in this video. The additional resources section will be super helpful. This section is designed to help you discover useful ways to apply what you've learned here. Each link includes a brief description, so you can easily target the resources you want.

Notes on "Framework for Feedback"


(00:00- 00:12) Introduction/objectives

(00:13 - 01:14) What is the 2+2 Model of Feedback?

(01:15- 01:54) Example of 2 Compliments

(01:55- 03:23) Example of 2 Suggestions

(03:24- 04:39) Review/Reflection

Additional Resources

2x2 Feedback Form

This template is a great tool that allows you to engage in the 2x2 reflection model. Although meant for business, you can recreate the form to name the employee, teacher, and the manager/administrator or colleague, depending on who you are engaging in the reflective practice with. 

Using Student Feedback to Improve Instruction

This is a helpful video on the importance of student feedback.

New York State Department of Education Handbook on Teacher Self-Evaluation

This tool is aligned to UbD and Marzano's framework and mirrors the lessons taught in this comp/concept.