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2 Tutorials that teach Geology: Rock Classification Overview
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Geology: Rock Classification Overview

Geology: Rock Classification Overview

Author: Nathan Lampson
Description:
This lesson will present how to identify and classify various rocks and minerals.
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Tutorial

 

Characteristics for identifying and classifying types of rock:

 

Crystals

Crystals have flat surfaces.  The flat surfaces of crystals are shiny and may sparkle.

 

Geodes

Geodes appear as round, hollow rocks that contain crystals.  Geodes are caused by minerals seeping into cracks between rocks and forming crystals.

 

Sedimentary

Soft and sometimes crumbly rocks that are formed in layers over a long periods of time.

 

Metamorphic

Rock with layers that look like ribbons and may contain crystals.  Metamorphic rock is formed below the earth's surface due to heat and pressure.

 

Igneous

Igneous rock formed from lava that is cooling quickly is smooth, glasslike, and may contain tiny bubbles.  When igneous rock is formed slowly within the earth, the rocks have a coarse mineral texture.