Why is it important to understand the whole child and how they learn? Explain your answer.
In your opinion, what is the most important objective to schooling? Why?
In your own words, describe why critical thinking is important to the learning process.
In your opinion, how extensively is intelligence influenced by heredity and environment? To what extent is personality influenced by heredity and environment? Justify your response using current research, information from the readings, and/or lectures.
Compare and contrast Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development and Piaget's stages of development.
In your opinion, are children who reach developmental milestones (walking, talking) earlier than their peers the same ones who have higher academic ability in later years? Explain your answer using the principles of physical, cognitive, and linguistic development.
What is diversity in the sense of self and social development? How do you think it influences a person's positive social-developmental outcomes such as trust, moral development, and social competence?
The text claims that students from some ethnic groups are more comfortable working in a cooperative rather than in a competitive environment. Why do you think some teachers encourage competition among their students?
Describe intrinsic and extrinsic motivators. How are they used? How do they affect learning and behavior?
Some teachers use extrinsic motivators to befriend students, while others nurture students' autonomy and apply intrinsic motivation. Which approach do you believe is most effective for learning outcomes? Why?
In your opinion, what are the characteristics of a high-quality, effective student-teacher relationship? Would it differ at different grade levels, such as K-1, 2-3, 4-5, 6-8, or 9-12? Justify your response.
As a classroom teacher, what strategies might you use to minimize and/or extinguish potentially aggressive behavior in the classroom?
In your opinion, which types of assessments would students be more motivated to complete? Use the readings to defend your answer.
What behaviors can teachers observe to informally determine whether their students are learning effectively and achieving classroom objectives?