Christians and Maronites were the larger and more powerful groups in Lebanon. Christians did not want to be united with Syria and called for a Greater Lebanon. France liked this idea and agreed to create a Greater Lebanon. Muslims did not like this idea and wanted to be united with Syria. The Muslims called for Arab nationalism so France created an economic union with Syria.
In 1926, Lebanon's constitution tried to help the 19 different ethnic groups living in Lebanon. It gave each group fair political representation.