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3 Tutorials that teach Greek Temples
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Greek Temples

Greek Temples

Author: Aleisha Olson
Description:

This lesson will explore some of the main features of ancient Greek temples.

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Tutorial

This lesson explores some of the main architectural features of ancient Greek temples, and discusses the different types of columns.

Citations

Image of Plan of Temple of Poseidon at Paestum, Italy, Public Domain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Plan_of_the_Temple_of_Poseidon_at_Paestum.png; Image of Doric Column and Frieze, Public Domain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:DoricParthenon.jpg; Image of Ionic Column, Public Domain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ionic_order.svg; Image of Corinthian Column and Frieze, Public Domain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CorinthianOrderPantheon.jpg; Image of Temple of Hera I at Paestum, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:La_basilique_(temple_dHera).JPG; Image of Temple of Zeus at Olympia, Photo by Ed Siasoco, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Olympia_(18).jpg; Image of Reconstruction of Temple of Zeus in Olympia, Public Domain, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zeustempel_Olympia.jpg; Image of Temple of Hera II at Paestum, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Temple_of_Apollo28.jpg#.7B.7Bint:filedesc.7D.7D; Image of Warrior from East Pediment of Temple of Aphaia, Photo by J. M. Harrington, Creative Commons, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ionic_order.svg; Image of Warrior from West Pediment of Temple of Aphaia, Public Domain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Aphaia_pediment_warrior_W-VII_Glyptothek_Munich_79.jpg

TERMS TO KNOW
  • Peristyle

    An architectural space, such as a court, that is surrounded by columns.

  • Peripteral Temple

    A type of ancient Greek or Roman temple surrounded by a row of columns.

  • Entasis

    A slight bulging, most commonly associated with the Parthenon, that is meant to offset the optical illusion of sagging of perfectly straight lines, particularly along the entablature.

  • Shaft

    The main body of a column, in ancient Greece, it was usually fluted, or marked with vertical ridges.

  • Entablature

    The upper section of a classical Greek temple that rests on the columns.

  • Doric Order

    The simplest and oldest style of Greek column, marked by an undecorated capital.

  • Capital

    The top of a column.