4 Tutorials that teach Greek Temples
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Greek Temples

Greek Temples

Author: Erin Aldana

This lesson will explore some of the main features of ancient Greek temples.

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Image of Temple of Hera I at Paestum, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:La_basilique_(temple_dHera).JPG, Image of Plan of Temple of Poseidon at Paestum, Italy, Public Domain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Plan_of_the_Temple_of_Poseidon_at_Paestum.png, Image of Doric Column and Frieze, Public Domain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:DoricParthenon.jpg, Image of Corinthian Column and Frieze, Public Domain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CorinthianOrderPantheon.jpg, Ionic order, Creative Commons Wikimedia, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ionic_order.svg, Aphaia pediment warrior, Creative Commons Wikimedia, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aphaia_pediment_warrior_W-VII_Glyptothek_Munich_79.jpg, Battle of Lapiths and Centaurs, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pediment_of_Temple_of_Olympian_Zeus_Depicting_the_Battle_of_Centaurs_and_Lapiths.jpg, Temple of Zeus reconstruction drawing, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Temple_of_Zeus_-_Olympia.JPG

Terms to Know
  • Capital

    The top of a column.

  • Doric Order

    The simplest and oldest style of Greek column, marked by an undecorated capital.

  • Entablature

    The upper section of a classical Greek temple that rests on the columns.

  • Entasis

    A slight bulging, most commonly associated with the Parthenon, that is meant to offset the optical illusion of sagging of perfectly straight lines, particularly along the entablature.

  • Peripteral Temple

    A type of ancient Greek or Roman temple surrounded by a row of columns.

  • Peristyle

    An architectural space, such as a court, that is surrounded by columns.

  • Shaft

    The main body of a column, in ancient Greece, it was usually fluted, or marked with vertical ridges.