The perception that one's group members are potential sources of reward or gain.
Perception that one's group is exclusive, requiring particular positive characteristics for entry or membership.
The tendency of a group to remain together (feeling similarity and affective bonds) over time.
Instances when collaboration between group members leads to shared interests being met.
The tendency of a principle or belief to become more strongly held after evidence that holding the belief leads to a positive gain.
Perception that one is safe, comfortable, and valued by members of one's group.
Collaborative effort to achieve shared goals with others perceived as being members of one's group.