En esta lección vamos a examinar algunos conceptos básicos relacionados con la herencia y los términos o vocabulario que van junto con esos conceptos.
Variation in a gene, an example would be eye color; there is a gene for eye color but there are different versions of genes that allow for different eye colors.
When one allele masks the expression of another on the same locus, this is seen at the phenotype level.
A genetic unit of heredity; a specific section of DNA that codes for a specific protein.
A trait or characteristic expressed at the genetic level, that is, the genetic makeup of an organism.
Dubbed the "father of modern genetics" and arguably modern biology, Mendel was an Austrian monk who studied heredity and inheritance in plants.
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
An organism with two different alleles of a gene.
An organism with two identical alleles of a gene.
Receiving genetic characteristics from parents, the manner in which genes are passed down to offspring.
The term used to describe the specific location of a gene/DNA sequence on a chromosome; variations of these genes are referred to as alleles.
An observable characteristic of someone’s traits, examples: eye color, skin color, height, gender etc.
An allele that is masked by a dominant allele, recessive alleles are only expressed when they are found in homozygous pairs.