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History of Type

History of Type

Author: Maria Tucker
Description:

In this lesson you will learn to categorize type families by historical classification.

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Tutorial

Notes on "History of Type"

Citations

Image of Adobe Garamond, Public Domain

http://www.identifont.com/find?font=adobe+Garamond...

Image of ITC Garamond, Public Domain

http://www.identifont.com/find?font=ITC+Garamond&q...

Image of DTP font, Public Domain

http://www.identifont.com/show?N15

Image of 1400 Blackletter, Public Domain


Image of Antiqua, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antiqua_(typeface_c...

Image of Times Serif, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Times_New_Roman_...

Image of Bodoni type, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bodoni_sample.sv...

Image of Egypt type, Public Domain


Image of Bauhaus type, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bauhaus_%28typeface%29

Image of 1400 manucript, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Western_typography

Image of 1800 type, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Caslon-schriftmusterblatt.jpeg

Image of Toulouse Poster, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Henri_de_Toulouse-Lautrec_049.jpg

Image of WWII Poster, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:German_propaganda_poster,_Upper_Silesia_Plebiscite_1.jpg

Image of Blackletter Font, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gebrochene_Schriften.png

Image of Garamond, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:AdobeGaramondSp.svg

Image of Baskerville, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:BaskervilleSpec.svg

Image of Rockwell, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:RockwellWM.png

Image of Bodoni, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ITCBodoni.png

Image of Helvetica, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:HelveticaSpecimenCH.svg

Image of Bauhaus, Public Domain

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bauhaus_and_Bauhaus_93_Typeface.pdf

TERMS TO KNOW
  • Bauhaus

    An art and craft movement begun at a school in Germany in the 1920s. The movement emphasized the functional aspects of design and was characterized by the use of simple geometric shapes, sans-serif type and a lack of adornment.

  • Sans-Serif

    This type classification was developed in the early 1800s and later popularized by the Bauhaus movement. This style is characterized by the absence of serifs and uniform thickness of stroke. Member type families include Helvetica and Futura.

  • Egyptian

    A type classification developed in the early 1800s and named for a trend popularizing Egyptian antiques. This style is characterized by rectangular or so called slab serifs and use of strokes of even weight. Member type families include Clarendon and Rockwell.

  • Modern

    A type classification developed in the late 1700s. This style is characterized by a geometric quality, hairline thin serifs and extreme contrast between thick and thin strokes. Member type families include Bodoni and Didot.

  • Transitional

    A type classification developed in the 1700s which evolved from Old Style. This style is characterized by wider characters and greater contrast between thick and thin strokes than Old Style. Member type families include Baskerville and Bookman.

  • Old Style

    A type classification developed in the 1400s and based on ancient Roman inscriptions and an early writing style. This style is characterized by low contrast between thick and thin strokes and distinctive numerals. Member type families include Garamond and Caslon.

  • Blackletter 

    A type classification developed in the 1400s and based on written manuscripts. This style is characterized by elaborate, straight, angular strokes. Member type families include Fraktur and Rotunda.