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History of Type

History of Type

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Author: Nancy Esslinger
Description:

In this lesson you will learn to categorize type families by historical classification.

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Tutorial

Notes on "History of Type"

Citation

Simone Garamond, Fair Use

http://bit.ly/XoX1Dv

ITC Garamond, Fair Use

http://bit.ly/14SYzDe

Adobe Garamond, Fair Use

http://bit.ly/10BRkyN

Example of Blackletter, Gutenberg Bible, Fair Use

http://www.dclab.com/archive/article_digital_guten...

Example of Old Style, wikipedia, Creative Commons

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Caslon-schriftmusterblatt.jpeg

Example of Old Style, Declaration of Independence, Fair Use

http://www.printmuseum.org/museum/wood-type-2/

Example of Transitional, Fair Use

http://ilovetypography.com/2008/01/17/type-terms-transitional-type/

Example of Modern, Fair Use

http://www.printmuseum.org/museum/wood-type-2/

Example of Sans-Serif, wikipedia, Creative Commons

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:J_accuse.jpg

Example of Bauhaus, Fair Use

http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2009/08/02/bauhaus-ninety-years-of-inspiration/

TERMS TO KNOW
  • Bauhaus

    An art and craft movement begun at a school in Germany in the 1920s. The movement emphasized the functional aspects of design and was characterized by the use of simple geometric shapes, sans-serif type and a lack of adornment.

  • Sans-Serif

    This type classification was developed in the early 1800s and later popularized by the Bauhaus movement. This style is characterized by the absence of serifs and uniform thickness of stroke. Member type families include Helvetica and Futura.

  • Egyptian

    A type classification developed in the early 1800s and named for a trend popularizing Egyptian antiques. This style is characterized by rectangular or so called slab serifs and use of strokes of even weight. Member type families include Clarendon and Rockwell.

  • Modern

    A type classification developed in the late 1700s. This style is characterized by a geometric quality, hairline thin serifs and extreme contrast between thick and thin strokes. Member type families include Bodoni and Didot.

  • Transitional

    A type classification developed in the 1700s which evolved from Old Style. This style is characterized by wider characters and greater contrast between thick and thin strokes than Old Style. Member type families include Baskerville and Bookman.

  • Old Style

    A type classification developed in the 1400s and based on ancient Roman inscriptions and an early writing style. This style is characterized by low contrast between thick and thin strokes and distinctive numerals. Member type families include Garamond and Caslon.

  • Blackletter 

    A type classification developed in the 1400s and based on written manuscripts. This style is characterized by elaborate, straight, angular strokes. Member type families include Fraktur and Rotunda.