4 Tutorials that teach Humanistic Positive Psychology: Self & Self Actualization
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Humanistic Positive Psychology: Self & Self Actualization

Humanistic Positive Psychology: Self & Self Actualization

Author: Barbara Ludins

This lesson will define, discuss and examine Rogers' Self Theory and its components.

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Introduction to Psychology

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  • Roger's Self Theory

    Emphasizes current, subjective understanding; self-concept, real self, ideal self.

  • Real Self

    True representation of the person we are.

  • Conditions of Worth

    Internalizes standards of judgments that evaluate our behavior, emotions, and thoughts.

  • Self-Concept/Self-Image

    Our total perception of ourselves; mental picture based on our perception (positive and negative) of our traits, behaviors, abilities.

  • Ideal Self

    Who we would like to be.

  • Fully Functioning Persona

    Person who strives to live in harmony with their present impulses and feelings.

  • Self-Actualization

    Congruence of ideal self, real self, and self-concept.

  • Congruence

    Parts of self are in alignment and balanced.

  • Incongruent

    Inaccurate self-image; self-image differs from the ideal self.

  • Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

    External and internal conditions necessary for a person to become fully functioning; lower needs must be met prior to higher needs, but higher needs must be met for a fulfilling life.