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Identifying DNA as the Genetic Code and Biotechnology

Identifying DNA as the Genetic Code and Biotechnology

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Author: Eric Larsen
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Content area is DNA and Biotechnology.

1. How was DNA identified as the genetic material that was the code life?

2. DNA is the genetic code for organisms.

3. Transcription is the process of writing the genetic code from DNA to RNA.

4. Translation is the process of converting the code of RNA into protein.

5. How is a DNA fingerprint used to identify an individual?

6. How are the sequences of DNA in an individual changed?

7. Understand that genetics is providing  the basis for new medical  treatments.

Identifying DNA as the Genetic and Biotechnology

Text  Work __________ Internet _______ Define/Sentences ________  Lab________

Unit Objectives:

1. How was DNA identified as the genetic material that was the code life?

2. DNA is the genetic code for organisms.

3. Transcription is the process of writing the genetic code from DNA to RNA.

4. Translation is the process of converting the code of RNA into protein.

5. How is a DNA fingerprint used to identify an individual?

6. How are the sequences of DNA in an individual changed?

7. Understand that genetics is providing  the basis for new medical  treatments.

All bold, italic, underlined area areas of test  responsibilities

*****Any Questions Ask Me.****

CS complete sentences.

Text:   pages 224-277. This work is completed by your group.  Check all work.

1. What is DNA?



8.2   Fig 8.4
2. What is a nucleotide and what are the three components? CS Fig. 8.4

 

 

3. Understanding DNA what were the contributions of Rosalind Franklin and Watson/Crick? CS

 

 

 

4. During DNA replication what is the function of the base pairing rule?  Fig 8.7 fig 8 CS

 

 

 

5. Describe the replication process?  Fig 8.8 CS

 

 

7.  What is the propose of replication? CS

 

 

Making Protein.  .  Describe the  steps of protein  synthesis?

   8.  Transcription. 8.11 CS

 

9.   Translation. 8.16 CS

What are the functions of the following?

10. mRNA CS

 

 

 

11. rRNA CS

 

 

12. tRNA CS

 

 

 

13. What is the function of the ribosome? CS

 

 

14. What is  a restriction enzyme? CS

 

 

15. How are a restriction enzyme and a scissors the same? CS

 

 

 

16. In a restriction map why the smaller pieces  travel farther? CS

 

17. What information can a DNA fingerprint  tell you? CS

 

 

 

18. What are the steps of “Making Recombinant DNA”? 9.11  CS

 

 

19. Transgenics.   Why does the mouse on page 225 glow? CS

 

 

20. What is the silver bullet concept used in gene therapy? CS Material presented by Mr. Larsen

 

 

 

INTERNET:  go to the class website to find your beginning link.  Complete all work with your lab partner.

“Learning Genetics   Genetic Learning Center     University of Utah “

http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/

Link: “Tour the Basics”

   Link:   What is DNA

     21 What is DNA? CS

 

 

     22. DNA encode what? CS

 

    23.  What is the 4 part alphabet? CS

 

      24.  What is a genetic sentence called? CS

 

Back to the first page of Tour Basics

  Link: What is protein?

      25.  What is protein? CS

 

 

     26. What is a ribosome? CS

 

 

     27. About how many different proteins does a cell need to function?

Hit HOME to return

Link:  DNA to Protein

Link; Build a DNA Molecule  Make 15 bonds.

      28.  What rule applies to these bonds? CS

 

 

Go back to HOME

LINK : DNA to Protein.

  LINK: TRANSCRIPTION & TRANSLATION

 Link: Square image

      29.What is transcription? CS   Work the animation.

 

 

 

       30.  What is translation? CS

 

Back to Home

  LINK : Epigenetics

  Links:          

THE EPIGENOME AT A GLANCE  view clip.

THE EPIGENOME LEARNS FROM ITS EXPERIENCES

GENE CONTROL  work the animation.

      31. What is epigenetics. CS

 

 

   32. What do epigenetic tags do?  CS

 

 

   33. It seems that these tags can be passed from generation to generation.  What are some factors that influence  the effect of these tags.  CS

 

 

  34. What would the EPIGENOME be?  CS

 

LABs :  Completed with lab partner.

Three different test materials:  Pea DNA,  Liver DNA, Strawberry DNA.

35. What does DNA look like? CS

 

 

36. Why can’t you see the double helix ? CS

 

37. Is the any difference between the Pea, Liver, and Strawberry DNA, If not or if so why? CS

 

 

Recombinant DNA

38. What is a plasmid and where is it found?

39. What is placed into the plasmid?

 

40. How can you teach a bacterium how to make insulin?

 

 

41. Why is it called recombinant DNA?

 

Group meeting to check that everyone in your group understands the unit  objectives .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Student activities involves a combination group work in the three following areas:

  1. Group text work.
  2. Group internet work.
  3. Group labs of DNA extraction and recombinant DNA.

Student assessment is a written test over unit objectives.

 

 

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Tutorial

DNA U of Utah

 
 
 
 
 
 
GENETIC TECHNOLOGY
VIRTUAL LABS
EPIGENETICS
THE NEW SCIENCE
OF ADDICTION
VARIATION,
SELECTION & TIME
GENETICS & HEALTH
GREAT SALT LAKE
ECOLOGY
ARCHIVE
 
 
 
STEM CELLS
See the potential these undifferentiated cells bring to disease treatment and research.
CLONING
Clone a mouse online! Learn about the facts, myths, and risks behind creating genetic carbon copies.
GENE THERAPY
See how this technology delivers functional copies of genes into diseased cells.
TRANSGENIC MICE
Learn how "Knockout" gene-targeting technology has revolutionized biomedical research.

 
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DNA