+
Imperialism

Imperialism

Rating:
Rating
(0)
Description:

Provide background information for New Imperialism Unit.

(more)
See More
Try a College Course Free

Sophia’s self-paced online courses are a great way to save time and money as you earn credits eligible for transfer to over 2,000 colleges and universities.*

Begin Free Trial
No credit card required

25 Sophia partners guarantee credit transfer.

221 Institutions have accepted or given pre-approval for credit transfer.

* The American Council on Education's College Credit Recommendation Service (ACE Credit®) has evaluated and recommended college credit for 20 of Sophia’s online courses. More than 2,000 colleges and universities consider ACE CREDIT recommendations in determining the applicability to their course and degree programs.

Tutorial

New Imperialism

A Review -

The Industrial Revolutions:

The term 'industrial revolution' was used to describe the period by the 1830s, but modern historians increasingly call this period the 'first industrial revolution', characterised by developments in textiles, iron and steam led by Britain, to differentiate it from a 'second' revolution of the 1850s onwards, characterised by steel, electrics and automobiles led by the US and Germany.

What Changed – Industrially and Economically:

The invention of steam power, which was used to power factories and transport and allowed for deeper mining.
Improvement of iron making techniques allowing for vastly higher production levels.
The textile industry was transformed by new machines – such as the Spinning Jenny - and factories, again allowing for much higher production at a lower cost.
Better machine tools allowed for more and better machines.
Developments in metallurgy and chemical production.
Creation of new and quicker transport networks thanks to first canals and then railways.

What Changed – Socially and Culturally:

Rapid urbanisation leading to dense, cramped housing and living conditions.
New city and factory cultures affecting family and peer groups.
Debates and laws regarding child labour, public health and working conditions.
Anti-technology groups such as the Luddites.

Imperialism overview

Full Screen

Imperialism in the Congo

An Overview of Imperialism

open player in a new window