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4 Tutorials that teach Improving Memory: Encoding Strategies
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Improving Memory:  Encoding Strategies

Improving Memory: Encoding Strategies

Author: Barbara Ludins

This lesson will identify and describe encoding strategies, such as the use of mnemonics and the keyword method in memory and learning. This lesson will explore the use of mnemonics and the keyword method in memory and learning

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Terms to Know

Environmental stimuli present when a person learns the information that help a person to remember, or retrieve, information later.

Keyword Method

When a person uses familiar words or images to remember new words or information.


Different systems or techniques that help people to remember and recall information. (example ROYGBIV)


Placing information into meaningful groups.


When learning information, a person continues to study after he or she is able to simply remember it.


Repeating information to oneself, which allows one to retain information longer in the short-term memory.


Recognizing important information to remember and changing it into smaller, more digestible parts.

Serial Position Effect

When learning a list of information, a person is more likely to remember the first and last items on the list.

Whole versus Part Learning

Remembering larger, more meaningful pieces as a whole, which is easier than shorter, less meaningful pieces.