4 Tutorials that teach Improving Memory: Encoding Strategies
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Improving Memory:  Encoding Strategies

Improving Memory: Encoding Strategies

Author: Laura Riness

This lesson will identify and describe encoding strategies, such as the use of mnemonics and the keyword method in memory and learning. This lesson will explore the use of mnemonics and the keyword method in memory and learning

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Introduction to Psychology

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  • Rehearsal

    Repeating information to oneself, which allows one to retain information longer in the short-term memory.

  • Organization

    Placing information into meaningful groups.

  • Selection

    Recognizing important information to remember and changing it into smaller, more digestible parts.

  • Whole versus Part Learning

    Remembering larger, more meaningful pieces as a whole, which is easier than shorter, less meaningful pieces.

  • Serial Position Effect

    When learning a list of information, a person is more likely to remember the first and last items on the list.

  • Over-Learning

    When learning information, a person continues to study after he or she is able to simply remember it.

  • Cues

    Environmental stimuli present when a person learns the information that help a person to remember, or retrieve, information later.

  • Mnemonics

    Different systems or techniques that help people to remember and recall information. (example ROYGBIV)

  • Keyword Method

    When a person uses familiar words or images to remember new words or information.