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Author: L H

Students will be able to:

apply the concepts and rules of improvisation to create simple improvisational scenes.


Improvisation is the act of performing an artistic piece without using a script!


improv = unscripted!

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What is Improv?

Scenes from a Hat!

Are There Rules of Improvisation?





























Rules For Improvisation

1) Say Yes...AND...

For a story to be built, whether it is short form or long form, the players have to agree to the basic situation and set-up. The who, what, and where have to be developed for a scene to work.

2) After the `and` add new information.

An improvised scene can't move forward or advance unless we add new information. That is why new information is added after the Yes of Yes-and!


Have an unscripted confirmation practicing your skills of agreeing and adding new info!

Now What? (Rules Part 2)

3) Don't Block.

The opposite of saying yes-and is blocking or denial. Anything that goes against the rules of improvisation can be termed blocking and will be detrimental to the scene...

How do we not block?

4) Avoid Questions.

A form of blocking (in its more subtle form) is asking questions. Questions force our partners to fill in the information or do the work. It is a way of avoiding committing to a choice or a detail. It is playing it safe. However, on more advanced levels, questions can be used to add information or tell your partner the direction to go in.

And, What Else? (Rules Part 3)

5) Focus on the Here and Now.

Another useful rule is to keep the focus on the here and now. A scene is about the people in the scene. The change, the struggle, the win or loss will happen to the characters on the stage. Focus on what is going on right this at this moment.

6) Establish the Location!

Good scenes take place somewhere and at sometime. They do not take place on an empty stage. A location can easily be established in one or two lines without breaking the scene.

7) Be Specific- Provide Details!

Details are the lifeblood of moving a scene forward. Each detail provides clues to what is important. Details help provide beat objectives and flesh out characters.

8) Change, Change, Change!

Improv is about character change. The characters in a scene must experience some type of change for the scene to be interesting. Characters need to go on journeys, be altered by revelations, experience the ramifications of their choices and be moved by emotional moments.

9) For serious and emotional scenes, focus on characters and relationships.

A long form improv set should contain a variety of scenes. Some scenes will be emotional, some will be tense, and some should be funny. The easiest way to make a scene serious is by focusing on the relationship of those on the stage (their characters).

10) For humor, commit and take choices to the nth degree or focus on actions/objects.

A good long form set is balanced. Shakespeare knew that too much pathos was wearing on the audience; hence, he had minor characters in humorous scenes such as the drunken porter in MacBeth.


So...what's been unscripted in movies?!

Some of the best scenes and descriptions of how they were improvised.

But, Ms. Halloran, I still don't know what to do! Help!

1) Begin the scene with as much energy as possible.

2) Use the BODY to express character or mood.

3) Make vocal choices.

4) In a solo improvisation - KEEP TALKING!

5) In a group improvisation, LISTEN!

6) During the scene, DO NOT EVER EVER EVER say “this is boring,” “what should i do now?” etc. Saything these things illustrates a lack of ideas and they do nothing to inspire action or enhance the scene and you end up looking like you can’t act.


Grab a partner and practice having "improvised" conversations.


Suggestions for topics:

- Things heard in the hallway at School.

- Cafeteria Gossip

- Friend Problems