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In-text citations

In-text citations

Author: Dan Reade
Description:
  1.  

    Introduce in-text citations, when they should be used, and general formatting guidelines.

  2.  

    Explain how to format in-text citations in MLA style for a variety of sources.

  3.  

    Explain how to format in-text citations in APA style for a variety of sources. 

 

This packet should help a learner seeking to understand how to document sources and who is confused about how to format in-text citations. It will explain how to format in-text citations in MLA and APA styles. 

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Tutorial

Basics of In-text citation

In-text citation is included in an essay whenever an author uses the words or ideas of an outside source. The video below explains the reasons for in-text citations and gives some basics on how it is done.

Source: Hacker, Diana. Rules for Writers. 6th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2009.; Dan Reade

In-text citation for MLA

The MLA (Modern Language Association) format is commonly used for essays in subjects like English and History. The video below describes the basics of MLA in-text citations and covers some common examples such as multiple authors or missing page numbers.

Source: Hacker, Diana. Rules for Writers. 6th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2009.; Dan Reade

In-text citation for APA

The APA (American Psychological Association) format is commonly used for papers in the sciences. The video below will introduce the basics of in-text citation for APA papers and will cover some common exceptions such as multiple authors and missing publication dates and page numbers.

Source: Hacker, D. (2009). Rules for Writers (6th ed.). Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's; Dan Reade

Conclusion

Whether using APA or MLA, in-text citation is an important part of improving your credability as a writer and making sure you give proper credit to your sources. If in doubt about whether to cite a piece of information, it's a good idea to do so. After all, it is hard to get in trouble for citing too many times, but it is very easy to get in trouble for not citing enough.

One important note: writers are rarely if ever expected to memorize formatting styles. While most writers will know the basics, there are many different types of sources and so many different ways those sources will be cited. Never hesitate to refer to qualified textbooks or to your instructor to make sure your paper is formatted correctly. 

Source: Dan Reade