Author: Nathan Lampson

This lesson will explain causes of infertility in males and females as well as identify options for those coping with infertility.

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Terms to Know
Artificial Insemination

The process of inserting a needle into the vagina and inserting semen into the female.

Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)

When ova are surgically removed from the ovaries and inserted into the fallopian tubes/oviducts along with male sperm to induce fertilization.

In-Vitro Fertilization

When a woman’s ova are fertilized by sperm in a Petri dish and later inserted into the mother for implantation.


When one or both partners are unable to conceive a child.

Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT)

When ova are surgically removed from the ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a Petri dish; the fertilized zygotes are inserted into the fallopian tubes/oviducts.