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Influence of Technology

Influence of Technology

Author: Nancy Esslinger

In this lesson you will learn to be able to recognize the impact of technology on the history of type.

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Notes on "Influence of Technology"


Illustration of a woodcutter at work, public domain

Gutenberg Bible; PD-1923

Illustration of printing press, creative commons

Moveable type, creative commons: Willi Heidelbach

Photo of typewriter, public domain

Early desktop computer, creative commons

Laptop, creative commons

Example monospace type, Courier, public domain

Typewriter keys, creative commons

Example of proportional spaced type, public domain

Example of True Type font for sale,, fair use

Adobe website, example of Open Type typefaces for sale, fair use

Terms to Know
Johannes Gutenburg

German jeweler and printer, invented the printing press and printed the first book in 1456.

Monospaced Type

A non-proportional typeface; each character takes up the same amount of space.

Movable Type

A component of Gutenberg's press, individual high relief characters each on their own metal block.

Open Type

The most recent font file format; OpenType was developed by Adobe Systems and can be used on both Windows and Macintosh computer systems. File extension: .otf.

Postscript Type 1

A font file format developed by Adobe. Postscript fonts consist of 2 files. File extension: .ps.

Proportional Type Spacing

Letter spacing that compensates for the shape of each character.

True Type

A font file format developed by Microsoft. True Type comes in both Windows and Macintosh versions. File extension: .ttf.