This lesson is going to cover personality by looking at:
When you think about a person's psychology, what assumptions do you make?
Generally people assume that there's something regular, consistent, or normal in a person. They don't constantly change and act differently. Typically a person has a sense of self or a personality. Personality psychology is the study of a person's unique, consistent, and stable patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving over time.
There are three important aspects when we study personality psychology:
Some important parts of personality include character and temperament. Character is an aspect of psychology and describes what we consider to be desirable or undesirable in a person. Character refers to the parts of personality that are valued or not valued. Personality is descriptive; it tells what a person is like. Character is prescriptive; it says how someone should or shouldn't be. Character is just one aspect of personality, and is developed by culture and social influences.
Temperament is our innate and inherited aspects of personality. Things like how emotional, irritable, or sensitive a person is are part of temperament. While these traits can be developed, they are innate to an individual. Temperament is an aspect of behavioral genetics, which is the study of behaviors and personality that are inherited. These traits are not necessarily situational which explains why personality can be stable and consistent over time.
In the field of personality psychology, there are lots of different approaches, just like the rest of psychology. Biological approaches focuses temperament and how heredity affects personality, and social or sociocultural focus on things like character and the influence of others.
There are three approaches that are important to know specifically:
Trait theory is the identification of the basic stable and consistent qualities that people show. This is one of the most widely used aspects of personality psychology, and uses personality tests. It attempts to break down into single components that which make up a person’s psychology.
Psychodynamic theory emphasizes the importance of the unconscious on personality and temperaments. There are several aspects to this theory with ideas developed by several important psychologists:
Humanism- the discussion of the development of ideas of self. This area focuses on self-esteem and self-concept. It looks at the positive views of self, and how we can achieve the most ideal version of ourselves.
Personality psychology is the study of a person’s unique, consistent, and stable patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving over time. Character refers to the values a person places on specific traits, and temperament is the inherited aspects of a person’s personality. There are many approaches to personality psychology. They can include: Biological, social or sociocultural, trait theory, psychodynamic theory, and humanism.
Source: This work is adapted from Sophia Author Erick Taggart
Study the link between personality traits and heredity (genetic instructions).
Desirable or undesirable aspects of a person; characteristics that a person values or doesn’t value.
Unique pattern of consistent feelings, thoughts, and behaviors that originate within the individual across time and situations.
Innate and inherited aspects of personality, like emotionality, irritability, or sensitivity.