Author: Carissa Wyant

This lesson discusses Islam from a historical and religious standpoint, tracing its origin in the 7th century Middle East to the present day, while introducing its main divisions and sects.

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Terms to Know

Identifying Abraham as a founding descendant, as e.g. in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.


A religion founded in the present-day Middle East by Muhammad, whom Muslims regard as God's last and greatest prophet.

Koran, Qur’an

The principal holy book of Islam, given to Muhammad as a perfect revelation from God (Allah).


One chosen by God to speak and/or teach on his behalf.