4 Tutorials that teach Islamic Architecture
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Islamic Architecture

Islamic Architecture

Author: Aleisha Olson

This lesson will focus on the architecture of Islam.

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This lesson focuses on Islamic architecture, looking at the features and function of a mosque.


Image of Dome of the Rock, Photo by Brian Jeffery Beggerly, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Dome_of_the_Rock_2007.jpg; Image of Interior of Dome of the Rock, Public Domain, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:MosqueOfOmar1914.jpg; Image of Prayer Hall of Great Mosque at Cordoba, Creative Commons, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mosque_Cordoba.jpg; Diagram of Great Mosque, Kairouan, Tunisia, Public Domain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:3D_computer_modeling_of_the_Great_mosquee_of_Kairouan-en.svg; Image of Great Mosque, Kairouan, Tunisia, Creative Commons, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:View_Great_Mosque_of_Kairouan.jpg; Image of Dome of Shah Mosque, Isfahan, Iran, Creative Commons, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Shah_Mosque_-_Dome.jpg

Terms to Know
  • Horseshoe arch

    Also called a keyhole arch, semicircular and characteristic of Islamic architecture.

  • Hypostyle Prayer Hall

    In a mosque, a personal space separated by columns for privacy.

  • Mihrab

    In a mosque, a niche or decorative panel showing the direction of Mecca.

  • Minaret

    A tower attached to a mosque calling people to prayer.

  • Minbar

    In Islam, the pulpit from which the sermon is delivered.

  • Qibla wall

    Or kiblah, in Islam, the wall that indicates the direction of Mecca and the Kaaba, for prayer.