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4 Tutorials that teach Islamic Architecture
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Islamic Architecture

Islamic Architecture

Author: Aleisha Olson
Recognize key features of Islamic architecture
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This lesson focuses on Islamic architecture, looking at the features and function of a mosque.


Image of Dome of the Rock, Photo by Brian Jeffery Beggerly, Creative Commons,; Image of Interior of Dome of the Rock, Public Domain,; Image of Prayer Hall of Great Mosque at Cordoba, Creative Commons,; Diagram of Great Mosque, Kairouan, Tunisia, Public Domain,; Image of Great Mosque, Kairouan, Tunisia, Creative Commons,; Image of Dome of Shah Mosque, Isfahan, Iran, Creative Commons,

Terms to Know
Horseshoe arch

Also called a keyhole arch, semicircular and characteristic of Islamic architecture.

Hypostyle Prayer Hall

In a mosque, a personal space separated by columns for privacy.


In a mosque, a niche or decorative panel showing the direction of Mecca.


A tower attached to a mosque calling people to prayer.


In Islam, the pulpit from which the sermon is delivered.

Qibla wall

Or kiblah, in Islam, the wall that indicates the direction of Mecca and the Kaaba, for prayer.