1. (TCO 1) Which of the following is NOT one of the three principle components of criminology?
2. (TCO 1) A victim may actively contribute to his or her victimization through the appearance of:
3. (TCO 1) Human conduct in violation of the criminal laws of a state, the federal government, or a local jurisdiction that has the power to make such laws is a definition of:
4. (TCO 1) The belief that crime is an antisocial act of such a nature that repression is necessary to preserve the existing system of society is the basis of the:
5. (TCO 2) Hate crimes are most commonly committed by:
6. (TCO 2) The principle of ________________ means that research data are not shared outside the research environment.
7. (TCO 2) The use of randomization controls potential threats to:
8. (TCO 2) According to the UCR larceny statistics, most items reported stolen were taken from:
9. (TCO 2) ______________ is the process of turning a simple hypothesis into one that is testable
10. (TCO 2) According to the NCVS, members of which racial group experience the highest rates of violent victimization?
11. (TCO 2) If a person unlawfully entered a structure to commit a felony, he or she has probably committed the crime of:
12. (TCO 2) The problem of differential selection can be reduced through the use of
13. (TCO 3) According to Cohn and Rotton, the relationship between temperature and assaults is strongest during the:
14. (TCO 3) According to Cesare Lombroso’s categorization of offenders, occasional criminals were known as:
15. (TCO 3) According to modern day advocates of general deterrence, which of the following is NOT required for punishment to be an effective impediment to crime?
16. (TCO3) ___________ was written around 450 B.C
17. (TCO 3) ____________ are time-honored customs that are preferred but do not threaten the survival of the social group if violated
18. (TCO 3) The relationship between testosterone and aggressive behavior in young males appears to be moderated by
19. (TCO 3) Which of the following statements would probably NOT be made by one who adheres to the Neo-Classical School of Criminology?
20. (TCO 3) Biological theories of crime causation assume that that basic determinants of behavior are:
21. (TCO 4) According to Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, the id conforms to the:
22. (TCO 4) What subdiscipline applies psychology to questions and issues related to the law and the legal system?
23. (TCO 4) Which of the following is NOT one of the three personality dimensions described by Hans Eysneck in his study of personality characteristics and crime?
24. (TCO 4) Pratt and Cullen make the case that one of the strongest correlations between self-control and crime is:
25. (TCO 5) According to differential association theory, criminal behavior is:
26. (TCO 5) According to Howard Becker’s typology, a person punished for a crime he or she did not commit is:
27. (TCO 5) Glen Elder’s principle suggesting that individuals construct their life courses through the choices they make is known as:
28. (TCO 5) According to Thomas and Znaniecki, increased crime rates among recent immigrants to America were due to:
29. (TCO 5) According to Ralf Dahrendorf, constructive changes increase:
30. (TCO 5) Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of restorative justice?
31. (TCO 5) From the perspective of social theory, the fundamental cause of crime is:
32. (TCO 5) The Women’s Christian Temperance Union is an early example of
33. (TCO 5) The concept of reaction formation developed by Albert Cohen that refers to “the process by which a person openly rejects that which he or she wants or aspires to but cannot obtain or achieve” is:
34. (TCO 5) The idea of viewing cities (e.g., Chicago) in terms of concentric zones was developed by:
35. (TCO 5) According to George Vold, as intergroup conflict intensifies, the loyalty of individual members to their groups:
1. (TCO 1) Compare and contrast deviance and crime, and provide an example for each one.
2. (TCO 2) Discuss five data collection strategies; include in your discussion when each one should be appropriately used.
3. (TCO 3) Glenn Walters and Thomas White are critics of biological theories of crime. Discuss the five criticisms they level against biological studies of crime.
4. (TCO 4) Discuss how the modeling theory developed by Albert Bandura contributes to an understanding and an explanation of criminality.
5. (TCO 5) David Matza and Gresham Sykes developed the idea of techniques of neutralization as an explanation of juvenile delinquency. Describe this theory, including the five types of justifications, with an example for each type