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Justice System and Punishment

Justice System and Punishment

Author: Sadie Pendaz

This lesson will explore the criminal justice system in the United States through the exploration of plea bargaining, due process, retribution, deterrence, societal protection, and rehabilitation.

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Terms to Know
Criminal Justice System

An institutionalized system comprised of police, courts, and law that is designed to control and mitigate the effects of deviance in society.


A function of punishment that makes the offender an example for the rest of society.

Due Process

The idea that the entire justice system must follow the laws laid out in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

Plea Bargaining

An agreement where the accused pleads guilty to a charge in exchange for a lesser sentence.


A function of punishment that seeks to make the offender better and removed of their troubles.


A function of punishment that makes the offender suffer in proportion to the suffering they inflicted.

Societal Protection

A way to control deviance and protect society by locking up offenders or sentencing them to the death penalty.