4 Tutorials that teach Labeling Theory
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Labeling Theory

Labeling Theory

Author: Paul Hannan

This lesson will analyze and explain labeling theory, stigma, medicalization of deviance, and retrospective labeling.

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Introduction to Sociology

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  • Labeling Theory

    The idea that deviance results from the meanings and labels that people give to our actions.

  • Stigma

    A highly negative label that signifies the status of a deviant outsider, having profound effects on self-image, identity, and worldview.

  • Retrospective Labeling

    Labeling back into the past in response to deviant behavior in the present.

  • Projective Labeling

    Labeling into the future in response to deviant behavior in the present.

  • Medicalization of Deviance

    The transformation of deviance from labels of good and bad to labels of sick and well.

  • Erving Goffman

    Famous sociologist who contributed to developing the symbolic-interaction perspective and gave us the idea of social "stigma."