This lesson discusses the stylistic shift from Gothic to Renaissance in fourteenth-century Italy.
Study or system of ethical practice that promotes human interests, values, scientific investigations and human pleasures in the natural world and often rejects the belief in God.
An artistic approach that involves reproducing objects as they appear to the eye. This term is often used in art history as a substitute for realistic, to avoid any confusion with realism as an artistic movement.
A cultural movement marking a time of accelerated activity and learning expressed by art and literature in Europe during the 14th to 17th centuries.
In Italian painting, the tendency to paint in the "Greek" style reminiscent of Byzantine icons, with stiff, flattened forms, hard lines that indicate folds in cloth, and the use of gold leaf.
In painting, the depiction of forms, particularly the human form, as having a rounded three-dimensional shape, indicated by the use of shadows.
A technique that depicts three-dimensional volume and space relationships on a flat surface.
Usually freestanding, a bell tower.
Image of Bonaventura Berlinghieri,panel from Saint Francis Altarpiece, Public Domain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bonaventura_Berlinghieri_Francesco.jpg; Image of Cimabue, Madonna Enthroned with Angels and Prophets, Public Domain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cimabue_033.jpg; Image of Giotto di Bondone, Madona Enthroned, Public Domain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:GiottoMadonna.jpg; Giotto di Bondone, Scrovegni (Arena) Chapel, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Scrovegni.JPG; Image of Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Peaceful City, Detail from Effects of Good Government in the City and in the Country, Creative Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Al%C2%B7legoria_del_bon_govern_de_la_ciutat,_Ambrogio_Lorenzetti,_Palau_P%C3%BAblic,_Siena.JPG; Image of Exterior of Florence Cathedral, Creative Commons, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Fa%C3%A7ade_cath%C3%A9drale_Florence.jpg; Image of Exterior of Florence Cathedral with Campanile and Dome, Public Domain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Santa_Maria_del_Fiore.jpg; Image of Arnolfo di Cambio and others, Interior of Florence Cathedral, Creative Commons, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Duomo_Firenze_Apr_2008.jpg; Image of Exterior of Siena Cathedral, Creative Commons, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:File-_The_facade_of_the_Cathedral_in_Siena_adjusted.JPG