Latitude and Longitude

Latitude and Longitude

  • Be able to look at the lines of latitude and longitude on a map, and explain why these lines might be helpful.
  • Be able to tell how climate varies with latitude or longitude.
  • Determine the latitude and longitude of their home town and a few other places in the country.
  • Be able to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective.
  • Ask students to look at the lines that run up and down and side to side
  • Show them that latitude runs from left to right and that longitude runs from the top to the bottom.
  • Class discussion: Why might these lines be needed? 
  • Remind the students that these are imaginary lines.
  • Show them where they are current located (longitude and latitude). 
  • Have them look for specific places like Los Angeles, Miami, Tokyo, or Sao Paulo on the map and determine the latitude and longitude of each place.
  • Go over the different climate patterns and season in the different latitudes or longitudes. The main idea students must understand is that the farther you are from the equator the cooler it is and during the winter it cooler. But when you get closer to the equator the temperature does not fluctuate as much it stays around the same temperature and is warm.
  • Conclusion: Wrap it up with the same question previous asked. Why might these lines be needed?
  • Have them make a list of different places they would like to visit and ask them to find the longitude and latitude .
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If you were flying an airplane or sailing a ship how would you determine where you are? Coordinates! Let's find out what are coordinates, longitudes, and latitudes and how they are useful in locating where you are.