Le Subjonctif

Le Subjonctif

Author: Cecile McKernan

Students will be able to explain subjunctive mood. Students will be able to list reasons for when it is necessary to use subjunctive. Students will be able to conjugate in the present in French in the appropriate contexts. Students will analyze sentences and be able to identify whether it subjunctive is necessary or not!

After completing the lesson, the student will be able to recognize the need for the subjunctive mood.
After this unit, the student will have practiced listening, writing, conjugating and analyzing the subjunctive mood.
By completing the activities, the students will practice the patterns of the subjunctive conjugations.
At the conclusion of this tutorial the students will be able to recognize and write subjunctive present and know how to avoid subjunctive mood as well.

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Zaho Je te promets le Clip Officiel - plein de subjonctif! Ecoutez!!!

Maintenant, regardez les paroles! Trouvez les exemples de verbes au SUBJONCTIF!

Cartes Heuristique- LE SUBJONCTIF

Source: Cartes Heuristiques - Marion Charreau on Flickr,http://www.pinterest.com/pin/379146862352557472/

Vidéo en anglais - Introduction au Mode du Subjonctif!

This is a very good explanation that is in British English, please make sure you take notes. Try to answer the following questions!
What is the subjunctive?
When is this Mode used?
What are some of the examples for this Mood in English?
How is this formed? (present tense subjunctive)

Le Subjonctif- part two of the english video!

Continue to take notes! (will/wish/obligation/doubt)
When do you use this new mood?
What are some examples for the wish/want?
Can you write out your own personal examples? Try!
What are some examples for obligation?
What is an example that shows doubt?
What is a conjunction? Cite some examples in French and English.
Using QUI as the key for subjunctive...who, which

Le Subjonctif en FRANÇAIS

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Understanding the Subjunctive in French!

Understanding French Subjunctive
French subjunctive is a bit tough to understand.

1. The first thing is to memorize the verb forms

Drilling is the only solution. Concentrate on the most common verb : aller, être, avoir, prendre… This is pure memorization, it has nothing to do with understanding, so I won’t talk about it here. 


2. The conjunction that is followed by the subjunctive is mostly “que”

Other conjunctions like “quand” and “si” don’t use the subjunctive. So you only have to worry about using the subjunctive when you are about to say a sentence using “que” (most cases) or “qui”. (Ok… there are a bit more with the superlative constructions… “le seul endroit où je ne sois jamais allé” for exemple… this is quite advanced so I won’t talk about it here. Please just remember the large majority of subjunctive cases are going to be with “que”).


3. The subjunctive only happens when several people are involved (and with impersonal constructions like “il faut”)

  • Je veux que tu ailles au supermarché. (me wanting you to go = 2 people = subjunctive)
  • Je veux aller au supermarché. (me wanting me to go = only me involved = infinitive)
  • Il faut manger pour vivre (true for everybody = infinitive)
  • Il faut que tu manges des légumes (this condition applies only to you = subjunctive)
  • Je suis contente que tu ailles mieux. (me being happy that you are better = 2 people – subjunctive)
  • Je suis contente d’aller mieux. (me being happy that I am better = indicative)

So, if the same person is doing both actions, we use an infinitive construction.

4. You don’t have to worry about the interrogative form of the subjunctive

… because there isn’t any! You can use a subjunctive clause in a question, for example « Voulez-vous que je vienne avec vous? », but there is no way to turn a subjunctive clause itself into a question.


Now that the ground rules are established, let’s try to understand the subjunctive. What follows works most of the time, I’m sure you’ll find exceptions, but I hope it helps making most cases clearer.

5. The subjunctive states 2 things:


– one person influencing/having feeling for a DIFFERENT person’s action.

Je veux que tu fasses la vaisselle. I = first person, want = verb of influence, you = different person, do the dishes = the action the first person is trying to influence.
Je suis contente que tu fasses la vaisselle. I = first person, am happy = feeling, you = different person, do the dishes = the action the first person has a feeling about.


– the percentage of chance FOR THE SPEAKER of this wish/fear/order/… becoming a reality.

  • Je constate qu’il est là. Actually, I can see him, FOR ME, this is a 100% sure thing = indicative. The actual reality is that he is an holographic projection… but the truth lies in the eyes of the beholder…
  • J’aimerais qu’il soit là. But I know his plane is stuck in NY. Probability of my wish becoming a reality is almost 0 = subjunctive.

So, where do you draw the line ? I’d say if you know for sure it’s the reality = indicative.

Over 70% chance of the action becoming a reality = indicative.

If there is under 70% chance of the action becoming a reality =  subjunctive.

Il est certain qu’il sera là demain =

100% chance of becoming a reality = indicative

Il est probable qu’il sera là demain =

70% chance of becoming a reality = indicative

Il est possible qu’il soit là demain =

50% chance of becoming a reality = subjunctive

  • Regarde! Une maison qui a un grand jardin et une piscine. I am actually looking at this house. 100% chance of the house existing = indicative.
  • Je cherche une maison qui ait un grand jardin et une piscine. I am at a realtor and I am describing my dream house. He might or might not have one, I am not sure it exists – for my budget that is :-) = subjunctive
  • Je crois qu’il va partir. I’m positive about it. Say 90% he’s going to leave = indicative.
  • Je désire qu’il parte. But he really wants to stay… so there is only a 2% chance he is going to leave = subjunctive.
  • J’exige que tu ailles à l’école. OK, but you have no intention of going. So even if I want it, it’s not the reality, and I know it… = little chance of becoming a reality = subjunctive
  • Je crains qu’elle ne mente. That is my fear. But I’m not sure about it = little chance of becoming a reality = subjunctive.

**(Note the “ne” here has no negative value. It’s a rather formal concept, called “le ne explétif” and it comes with verbs of fear and some expressions. The use of the “ne explétif” is not mandatory, it’s almost never used in speaking, and has no meaning whatsoever: it’s only there to be pretty – and confuse students of French!!)


Here it helps to understand that French people take their beliefs for a reality (LOL).

**Verbs like croire que, penser que, supposer que, imaginer que, espérer que are followed by the indicative.

**But souhaiter que is followed by the subjunctive….

6 – In the Negative

All these verbs introduce the subjunctive in the negative, since now the percentage of chance of the action becoming a reality is very low:

  • Je pense qu’il reviendra = his coming, to me, has a 90% chance of becoming a reality = indicative
  • Je ne pense pas qu’il revienne = his coming, to me, has a 5% of becoming a reality = subjunctive

Watch out: “I don’t think he will come” is not the same thing as “I think he will not come”…. You have to keep the action you are talking about very clear, and make sure you are applying the negative the the correct part of the sentence and not changing your sentence altogether.


Now, all this being said, another method is to learn by heart…. And it may work better :-)

Here is a list of common verbs and conjunctions followed by indicative or subjunctive:


– constater, observer, remarquer, savoir, trouver, croire, penser, supposer, imaginer, affirmer, déclarer, dire, espérer + que + indicatif.

– il est clair que, il est certain que, il est sûr que, il est probable que + indicatif

– après que + indicatif – although many French people use the subjunctive – myself included… It’s a mistake but the indicative sounds really weird there…


– wish = souhaiter, désirer, suggérer, proposer, conseiller + que + subjunctive

– likes = aimer, préférer, détester, adorer + que + subjunctive

– fear = avoir peur, craindre, redouter + que + subjunctive

– regrets = regretter, être désolé + que + subjunctive

– doubt = douter + que + subjunctive

– order = vouloir, ordonner, exiger, permettre, refuser, supplier + que + subjunctive

– il faut, il vaut mieux, il est important, il est dommage + que + subjunctive

– Pour, afin, de sorte, de crainte, de peur, avant, en attendant, jusqu’à ce, bien, à moins, à condition, pourvu + que + subjunctive

– avant que + subjunctive (and après que + indicative as stated before)

Source: August 5, 2010 | By Camille Chevalier-Karfis,http://www.frenchtoday.com/blog/understanding-french-subjunctive

Un PDF de Notes de la leçon en anglais.


Regular and Irregular ( the big 4) Subjunctive Formation



Numéro 1

Numéro 2

Numéro 3

Numéro 4

Numéro 5


Numéro 1:  julie  zenatti - Je Voudrais Que Tu Me Consoles

LE SUBJONCTIF dans les chansons
Compréhension orale
Écoutez la chanson et complétez le texte à trous:

Julie Zenatti - Je voudrais que tu me consoles
Je voudrais que tu me ……………
Que tu me …………… dans tes bras
Tu le faisais comme personne
En trouvant les mots chaque fois
Je voudrais que tu me ………….
Afin que je ne ………….. pas
Que tu me …………. un peu des hommes
Pour m'expliquer je n'ai que toi
Il suffirait que tu m'……………….
Comment ne plus aimer
Apprendre enfin à me passer de toi
Que je …………….
Puisqu'il faut oublier
Savoir pourquoi j'ai tant besoin de toi
Je voudrais que tu me ……………
De celui qui m'a fait si mal
Ou de celui qui m'abandonne
M'aider à trouver ça banal
Il faudrait que tu me ………….
D'oublier celui que j'ai aimé

Numéro 2Céline  Dion -  Pour que tu m'aimes encore

Céline Dion - Pour que tu m’aimes encore

J'ai compris tous les mots, j'ai bien compris, merci
Raisonnable et nouveau, c'est ainsi par ici
Que les choses ont changé, que les fleurs ont fâné
Que le temps d'avant, c'était le temps d'avant
Que si tout zappe et lasse, les amours aussi passent

Il faut que tu ………………..

J'irai chercher ton cœur si tu l'emportes ailleurs
Même si dans tes danses d'autres dansent tes heures
J'irai chercher ton âme dans les froids dans les flammes
Je te jetterai des sorts pour que tu m'……………. encore

Fallait pas commencer m'attirer me toucher
Fallait pas tant donner, moi je sais pas jouer
On me dit qu'aujourd'hui,
On me dit que les autres font ainsi
Je ne suis pas les autres
Avant que l'on s'……………., avant que l'on ……………

Je veux que tu ………………

Je trouverai des langages pour chanter tes louanges
Je ferai nos bagages pour d'infinies vendanges
Les formules magiques des marabouts d'Afrique
J'les dirai sans remords pour que tu m'aimes encore

Je m'inventerai reine pour que tu me …………….
Je me ferai nouvelle pour que le feu …………….
Je deviendrai une autre après qui tu soupires
Ces jeux seront les nôtres, si tel est ton désir

Plus brillante plus belle pour une autre étincelle
Je me changerai en or pour que tu m'aimes encore.



Numéro 1 Indicatif ou Subjonctif?

Numéro 2 Indicatif ou Subjonctif?

Numéro 3 Indicatif ou Subjonctif?

Flashcards on quizlet to help remember Indicatif ou Subjonctif!

L'infinitif et le subjonctif 1

L'infinitif et le subjonctif 2

L'infinitif et le subjonctif 3







Sources:http://www.tolearnfrench.com/exercises/exercise-french-2/exercise-french-4883.php,http://www.ortholud.com/conjugaison/conj/verbe_en_uire/subjonctif_present.php,http://www.ortholud.com/conjugaison/present_du_subjonctif/phrases_1_3g.php,http://www.ortholud.com/conjugaison/present_du_subjonctif/phrases_2_3g.php,http://www.ortholud.com/conjugaison/present_du_subjonctif/phrases_3_3g.php, http://lefrancaispourtousfr.blogspot.com/2010/04/le-subjonctif-en-chansons.html,https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2EL_XceP0C8,http://www.polarfle.com/exercice/exosubjjindav.htm,http://www.tolearnfrench.com/exercises/exercise-french-2/exercise-french-44677.php,http://french.about.com/library/verb/bl-subjunctive-quiz.htm,http://quizlet.com/7281018/subjonctif-infinitif-ou-indicatif-flash-cards/,http://www.quia.com/cz/58630.html,http://www.polarfle.com/exercice/exosubjinfav.htm