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Lenski's Five Types of Society

Lenski's Five Types of Society

Author: Sadie Pendaz
Description:

This lesson will discuss Gerhard Lenski's five types of society; including hunting and gathering, horticultural and pastoral, agriculture, industrialism, and post industrialism.

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Key Terms
Post-Industrial Society

Societies in which people procure their livelihood using computer-aided-technology and advanced information processing.

Industrial Society

Societies in which people procure their livelihood using machines and advanced sources of energy such as steam, coal, and water.

Agricultural Society

Societies in which people procure their livelihood using animal driven plows and large-scale cultivation.

Horticultural and Pastoral Society

Societies in which people procure their livelihood using hand tools to cultivate crops and domesticated animals.

Hunting and Gathering Society

Societies in which people procure their livelihood through hunting animals with simple tools and gathering naturally occurring vegetation.

Gerhard Lenski

American sociologist who advanced the theory that technology is the most basic driving force in sociocultural evolution.