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Lenski's Five Types of Society

Lenski's Five Types of Society

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Author: Paul Hannan
This lesson will discuss Gerhard Lenski's five types of society; including hunting and gathering, horticultural and pastoral, agriculture, industrialism, and post industrialism.
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Source: Intro Music by Mark Hannan; Public Domain Images from www.clker.com; Public Domain

Notes on "Lenski's Five Types of Society"


(0:00-0:28) Introduction
(0:29-1:42) Gerhard Lenski
(1:43-2:24) Hunting and Gathering
(2:25-3:51) Horticultural and Pastoral
(3:52-5:15) Agriculture
(5:16-6:28) Industrialism
(6:40-8:43) Postindustrialism 

(8:44-9:38) Take Away Message

Terms to Know

Gerhard Lenski   

A sociologist who argues that technology is the most basic factor in the evolution of societies and cultures.

Hunting and gathering 

A time when a society uses simples tools and hunts animals. 

Horticultural and pastoral 

A time when a society uses basic farming and domesticated animals.


A time when a society uses non-human power to help with farming. 


A time when a society uses advanced power to manufacture goods. 


A time when a society uses information and computer power as its product.

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