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Welcome to a tutorial on Marzano's high-yield instructional strategies and teacher evaluation. In today's tutorial, we will discuss how are Danielson and Marzano's models related? As well, we will discuss how can I use the evaluation components of both models in my teaching? Let's start with a review or Marzano's high-yield instructional strategies.
Remember, there are nine of these, identifying similarities and differences, summarizing and note taking, reinforcing effort and providing recognition, homework and practice, non-linguistic representations, cooperative learning, setting objectives and providing feedback, generating and testing hypotheses, and questions, cues, and advanced organizers.
So let's talk about Danielson for just a moment and the teaching evaluation model of Danielson. Danielson's model included four different components or domains, planning and preparation, the classroom environment, instruction, and professional responsibilities. So let's look a little closer at Danielson's model. You can see that the four domains have subsets of criteria used for teachers to evaluate the effectiveness of learning in their classroom.
Let's take a closer look at the domain three instruction category. Here there are many connections with Marzano's model. 3a, or communicating with students, would connect to Marzano's providing feedback, setting goals and objectives, reinforcing effort, and providing recognition. 3b, using questioning and discussion techniques, would connect to Marzano's questions, cues, and advanced organizers, as well as generating and testing hypotheses.
3c or engaging students in learning connects to Marzano's non-linguistic representations, cooperative learning, homework and practice, and similarities and differences, as well as note taking and summarizing. 3d, using assessment and instruction, connects to Marzano's feedback and setting goals instructional strategy. 3e, demonstrating flexibility and responsiveness, connects to Marzano's reinforcing effort and recognition.
It's important to think about these different components when you're evaluating your own teaching. How do you communicate with students? What kind of goals and objectives are you setting? Are you giving feedback? Are you engaging your students in learning by using cooperative learning techniques or non-linguistic representations when needed? Are you using assessment that's effective in your instruction?
So many things to think about when you're evaluating your own teaching. I recommend that you read Marzano's Classroom Instruction that Works. This would be very beneficial to you in learning more about Marzano. Let's also talk about how do these strategies connect with Marzano's key instructional strategies. And there are 41 key instructional strategies in domain one, classroom strategies and behaviors.
As a teacher, you can use these 41 key instructional strategies to help you better understand if you are teaching towards that greater student achievement. Let's look at some examples here of some design questions within domain one. Listed here are elements six through 13 under the design question, to support students in understanding, owning, and interacting with new knowledge. So, are we doing this effectively?
We can use these criteria of the key elements to evaluate if that is happening with us. Let's look at another example. Let's take helping students practice and deepen new knowledge, which are elements 14 through 20 of those key instructional strategies. And again, we can ask ourselves, are we helping students practice and deepen new knowledge? And we can evaluate ourselves by using elements 14 through 20. Are we reviewing content? Are we using homework? Are we revising our students' knowledge?
Let's take a moment to apply these ideas. I'd like you to ask yourself these questions. What would the challenges be in applying these strategies? What would the challenges be for you to apply these strategies in your own teaching? Who can you collaborate with to better understand how to apply Marzano's strategies and his evaluation model to your own teaching?
What did we learn today? We talked about, how are Danielson and Marzano's models related? And remember, both Danielson and Marzano have models that include different domains for teacher evaluation purposes. We also talked about, how can I use the evaluation component of both models in my teaching? We compared the specific aspects of the instructional part of the models to pull out key instructional strategies and design questions that you as a teacher can use to evaluate whether or not your students are reaching those high levels of achievement in your classroom.
Thanks for joining me today. I've enjoyed talking about Marzano and Danielson's models with you. I hope you're able to apply these ideas to your own classroom. To dive a little deeper and learn how to apply this information, be sure to check out the Additional Resources section associated with this video. This is where you'll find links targeted towards helping you discover more ways to apply this course material.
New Classroom Questioning Techniques
This blog post by Todd Finley contains straightforward techniques for using questioning techniques in the classroom. Finely provides four questioning strategies with step-by-step instructions as well as links to other questioning techniques at the end of the blog. Additionally, the blog incorporates a useful video on using Socratic Seminars in your instruction.
Using Questioning to Develop Understanding
This video demonstrates how a teacher can use questioning for student discovery and understanding. Furthermore, this video demonstrates how questions can actually be used to build a scaffold to understanding to help students have ah-ha moments.
Balanced Homework Habits
This is a brief blog post by Rebecca Jackson on establishing good homework routines. It includes a useful downloadable handout, which is a great tool for teachers to use to establish and communicate their homework expectations with students and parents.