Open Inguinal Hernia Repair Surgery / Lichtenstein Repair - Penrose drain in the operating room
An inguinal hernia occurs when soft tissue — usually part of the intestine — protrudes through a weak point or tear in the lower abdominal wall. The resulting bulge can be painful — especially when you cough, bend over or lift a heavy object. Not necessarily dangerous by itself, an inguinal hernia doesn't get better or go away on its own. An inguinal hernia can lead to life-threatening complications. For this reason, a doctor is likely to recommend surgical repair of an inguinal hernia that's painful or becoming larger. Inguinal hernia repair is a common surgical procedure.
In this procedure, also called "Herniorrhaphy", the surgeon makes an incision in the groin and pushes the protruding intestine back into the abdomen. Then the surgeon repairs the weakened or torn muscle by sewing it together. Often the weak area is also reinforced and supported with a synthetic mesh, a procedure called hernioplasty.