4 Tutorials that teach Memory Processes
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Memory Processes

Memory Processes

Author: Laura Riness

This lesson will identify types of memory and describe how each contributes to how memory occurs. Also described is how memory is encoded as it is received, stored, and retrieved

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Introduction to Psychology

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Notes on Memory Processes



  • Sensory Memory

    Brief, normally unconscious copies of sensory information around us, which can either be discarded or remembered for later use.

  • Iconic memory

    Visual/sight sensory memory.

  • Echoic memory

    Auditory/hearing sensory memory.

  • Encoding

    The first stage of forming a memory, where the brain processes the sensory information into a form that can be remembered.

  • Storage

    The second stage, in which the brain holds on to and retains the information for later use.

  • Retrieval

    The third stage, in which the person remembers the information that was stored, or they retrieve the information from storage.