Metaphors - What Are They?

Metaphors - What Are They?

Author: Nikki Hansen

This packet will familiarize you with what a metaphor is and how to use it and where metaphors are found (literature, poems, songs). This packet will also teach you how a metaphor differs from a simile.

This packet includes exciting text, audio and visual components to help teach what a metaphor is!

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Things to Know

Words to know

Figure of Speech: the use of a word that differs from its normal meaning (like saying “I got your back!” - you aren't literally grabbing the spine of your friend) or a phrase with a specialized meaning not based on the literal meaning of the words in it (simile, metaphor).

Simile: a figure of speech that indirectly compares two by things using “like” and “as.”

example: She cries like a baby

example: He runs like a cheetah

Metaphor: a figure of speech that creates an analogy between two things or ideas; the concept of understanding one thing in terms of another. A metaphor creates a comparison between two unlike things.

example: The lawyer grilled the witness on the stand

example: The crowd began to simmer down

Remember: Similes use “like” and “as.” Metaphors create a relationship/comparison between two things that seem to have nothing in common. 

Source: wiki, nikki

Metaphor: My Older Brother is a Baby

A video example of distinguishing the difference between a metaphor and a simile

Source: Nikki, Ben Newton tourist_on_earth, David Fulmer daveynin

Metaphor Comic

What is the metaphor in this comic?
"Bridget was a hog and ate all the pizza."
Bridget did NOT transform into a hog to eat the pizza, but was compared to a hog because she ate so much of the pizza.