microbiome therapeutics advances and challenges
Microorganisms were thought to cause serious disease. However, some types of the microorganisms can synthesize biologically active molecules and be used as therapeutics. More pharmaceutical companies have realized the values and directed their clinical development efforts towards microbial therapeutics. The potential of microbial therapeutics is evident in the probiotics and live bacterial prophylactic vaccines, as well as more the recent cases using fecal microbiota transplant to improve human health or cure certain diseases.