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Mitochondria
Next Generation: MS.LS1.2 MS.LS1.2

Mitochondria

Author: Sophia Tutorial
Description:

This lesson will describe the structure and function of a cell's mitochondria.

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Tutorial

What's Covered

In this lesson, you will be learning about the structure and function of the mitochondria. Specifically, we'll focus on:

  1. What Are Mitochondria?
  2. ATP
  3. Cellular Respiration

1. What Are Mitochondria?

Mitochondria are cellular organelles found within eukaryotic cells. Eukaryotic cells are cells that contain a nucleus, such as human cells. Mitochondria are oftentimes described as the powerhouse of the cell, meaning they're the place in the cell where energy is made.

Term to Know

Mitochondria

An organelle found inside cells that produces energy in the form of ATP


2. ATP

Mitochondria are the site of ATP production. ATP stands for adenosine triphosphate, and this is basically an energy storage molecule produced by cells for cells to carry out their normal functions.

Term to Know

ATP

A molecule that is used inside cells as a source of energy

Cells need some sort of energy to power themselves; mitochondria are the powerhouse of the cell because they are the place where ATP production occurs. This ATP energy is made through a process called cellular respiration.


3. Cellular Respiration

The process called cellular respiration is what occurs in order for ATP to be made.

Term to Know

Cellular Respiration

A process that converts organic molecules into energy in the form of ATP

Cellular respiration has three phases associated with it.

1. Glycolysis

This is the phase of cellular respiration that happens in the cytoplasm to make ATP for the cell.

2. Krebs Cycle

This is the phase of cellular respiration that occurs within mitochondria.

3. The Electron Transport Chain

This phase of cellular respiration also occurs within the mitochondria, and is often referred to as ETC.


Summary

This lesson has been an overview of the mitochondria. The mitochondria is composed of inner and outer membranes. You also learned that ATP production occurs in the inner membrane. Finally, you learned about the three phases of cellular respiration, which produce ATP for the cell.

Keep up the learning and have a great day!

Source: THIS WORK IS ADAPTED FROM SOPHIA AUTHOR AMANDA SODERLIND

Terms to Know
ATP

A molecule that is used inside cells as a source of energy

Cellular Respiration

A process that converts organic molecules into energy in the form of ATP

Mitochondria

An organelle found inside cells that produces energy in the form of ATP