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Monocots & Dicots

Monocots & Dicots

Author: Rebecca Newburn

Flowering plants are categorized as monocots and dicots. Learn how to tell the difference between the two.

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Before You Start

How are corn and lima bean seeds different? 

What are major ways to classify flowering plants?

Parts of a Seed



Monocots and Dicots

Flowering plants (angiosperms) are classified by their structures.

Flowering plants that have only ONE seed leaf are monocots. Some examples of monocots are plants in the grass family, such as grass in your lawn, corn, wheat, and rice. See the chart above for other structures of the monocots.

Flowering plants that have TWO seed leaves are dicots (or eudicots). Some examples of peas, sunflowers and oaks.


Differences Between Monocots and Dicots