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Monosaccharides

Monosaccharides

Author: Nathan Lampson
Description:

This lesson will introduce monosaccharides, including an overview of their structure, and providing multiple examples.

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Tutorial

 

Monosaccharides are simple carbohydrates that are composed of a single ringed sugar unit.

 

Examples of monosaccharides:

Fructose - the sugar found in fruit.

Deoxyribose - used in DNA molecules.

Galactose - a sugar produced when milk is broken down into simple sugars

Glucose - the main sugar molecule used by cells for energy

 

This is an image of a monosaccharide glucose sugar molecule: