+
Mr. Monroe Expands the US Borders

Mr. Monroe Expands the US Borders

Author: Lauren Blakely
See More
Try a College Course Free

Sophia’s self-paced online courses are a great way to save time and money as you earn credits eligible for transfer to over 2,000 colleges and universities.*

Begin Free Trial
No credit card required

25 Sophia partners guarantee credit transfer.

221 Institutions have accepted or given pre-approval for credit transfer.

* The American Council on Education's College Credit Recommendation Service (ACE Credit®) has evaluated and recommended college credit for 20 of Sophia’s online courses. More than 2,000 colleges and universities consider ACE CREDIT recommendations in determining the applicability to their course and degree programs.

Tutorial

Directions

Follow along step by step in order to learn about James Monroe and his actions in order to expand continenental America.

The US in 1815

In 1815, the Treaty of Ghent had been signed and ended the War of 1812. Below is a link to a map of the land that the US owned after the war. Take your map and color in RED the territory that America had after 1812. 

 

 

The Rush-Bagot Treaty


British-American Diplomacy 
Exchange of Notes Relative to Naval Forces on the American Lakes

    The Undersigned, His Britannick Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, has the honour to acquaint Mr Rush, that having laid before His Majesty's Government the correspondence which passed last year between the Secretary of the Department of State and the Undersigned upon the subject of a proposal to reduce the Naval Force of the respective Countries upon the American Lakes, he has received the Commands of His Royal Highness The Prince Regent to acquaint the Government of the United States, that His Royal Highness is willing to accede to the proposition made to the Undersigned by the Secretary of the Department of State in his note of the 2d of August last.

    His Royal Highness, acting in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty, agrees, that the Naval Force to be maintained upon the American Lakes by His Majesty and the Government of the United States shall henceforth be confined to the following Vessels on each side-that is

   On Lake Ontario to one Vessel not exceeding one hundred Tons burthen and armed with one eighteen pound cannon.

   On the Upper Lakes to two Vessels not exceeding like burthen each and armed with like force.

  On the Waters of Lake Champlain to one Vessel not exceeding like burthen and armed with like force.

  And His Royal Highness agrees, that all other armed Vessels on these Lakes shall be forthwith dismantled, and that no other Vessels of War shall be there built or armed

  His Royal Highness further agrees, that if either Party should hereafter be desirous of annulling this Stipulation, and should give notice to that effect to the other Party, it shall cease to be binding after the expiration of six months from the date of such notice.

  The Undersigned has it in command from His Royal Highness the Prince Regent to acquaint the American Government, that His Royal Highness has issued Orders to His Majestys Officers on the Lakes directing, that the Naval Force so to be limited shall be restricted to such Services as will in no respect interfere with the proper duties of the armed Vessels of the other Party.

  The Undersigned has the honour to renew to Mr Rush the assurances of his highest consideration.

CHARLES BAGOT

 



DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

April 29. 1817.

    The Undersigned, Acting Secretary of State, has the honor to acknowledge the receipt of Mr Bagot's note of the 28th of this month, informing him that, having laid before the Government of His Britannick Majesty, the correspondence which passed last year between the Secretary of State and himself upon the subject of a proposal to reduce the naval force of the two countries upon the American Lakes, he had received the commands of His Royal Highness The Prince Regent to inform this Government that His Royal Highness was willing to accede to the proposition made by the Secretary of State in his note of the second of August last.

    The Undersigned has the honor to express to Ms Bagot the satisfaction which The President feels at His Royal Highness The Prince Regent's having acceded to the proposition of this government as contained in the note alluded to. And in further answer to Ms Bagot's note, the Undersigned, by direction of The President, has the honor to state, that this Government, cherishing the same sentiments expressed in the note of the second of August, agrees, that the naval force to be maintained upon the Lakes by the United-States and Great Britain shall, henceforth, be confined to the following vessels on each side,-that is:

    On Lake Ontario to one vessel not exceeding One Hundred Tons burden, and armed with one eighteen-pound cannon. On the Upper Lakes to two vessels not exceeding the like burden each, and armed with like force, and on the waters of Lake Champlain to one vessel not exceeding like burden and armed with like force.

    And it agrees, that all other armed vessels on these Lakes shall be forthwith dismantled, and that no other vessels of war shall be there built or armed. And it further agrees, that if either party should hereafter be desirous of annulling this stipulation and should give notice to that effect to the other party, it shall cease to be binding after the expiration of six months from the date of such notice.

    The Undersigned is also directed by The President to state, that proper orders will be forthwith issued by this Government to restrict the naval force thus limited to such services as will in no respect interfere with the proper duties of the armed vessels of the other party.

    The Undersigned eagerly avails himself of this opportunity to tender to Mr Bagot the assurances of his distinguished consideration and respect.

RICHARD RUSH

 

Question to answer in complete sentences on a piece of loose leaf:

After reading these two letters, what agreement do think Bagot and Rush came to?

Rush-Bagot Continued

What the Rush-Bagot agreement actually did was: 

 

"Acting Secretary of State Richard Rush and British Minister Charles Bagot. In these letters, the United States and Great Britain agreed to a major reduction in the number of naval vessels patrolling the Great Lakes. Each country would be allowed just one ship on Lake Ontario and one ship on Lake Champlain. Two ships per country would be allowed on Lakes Erie, Huron, and Superior. Both nations also agreed to a weight limit of 100 tons and one 18-pound cannon per ship."

On your map, find Lake Ontario, Lake Eerie, and Lake Superior, and Lake Huron. Label and color them BLUE. 

Also color either one or two dots in eahc lake to represent how many ships were allowed on the lakes, and in Michigan label: Rush-Bagot Agreement

The Convention of 1818

Just one year after the Rush-Bagot agreement, Great Britain and America got together again to draw more concrete boundaries between America and Canada. Follow the link below to a CBS website and watch the video. Afterwards draw the concrete boundary that was created and label it the Convention of 1818.

 

 

The Adam-Onis Treaty

The Adam-Treaty was James Monroe and John Q. Adams next step in order to expand the US. Below are the first three Articles of the Adam-Onis Treaty.

 

 

ARTICLE I 
There shall be a firm and inviolable peace and sincere friendship between the United States and their citizens and His Catholic Majesty, his successors and subjects, without exception of persons or places. 


ARTICLE II 
His Catholic Majesty cedes to the United States, in full property and sovereignty, all the territories which 
belong to him, situated to the eastward of the Mississippi, known by the name of East and West Florida. The adjacent islands dependent on said provinces, all public lots and squares, vacant lands, publicedifices, 
fortifications, barracks, and other buildings, which are not private property, archives and documents, which 
relate directly to the property and sovereignty of said provinces, are included in this article. The said archives and documents shall be left in possession of the commissaries or officers of the United States, duly 
authorized to receive them.

ARTICLE III 
The boundary-line between the two countries, west of the Mississippi, shall begin on the Gulph of Mexico, at the mouth of the river Sabine, in the sea, continuing north, along the western bank of that river, to the 32d degree of latitude; thence, by a line due north, to the degree of latitude where it strikes the Rio Roxo of Primarily Speaking Nachitoches, or Red River; then following the course of the Rio Roxo westward, to the degree of longitude 100 west from London and 23 from Washington; then, crossing the said Red River, and running thence, by a line due north, to the river Arkansas; thence, following the course of the southern bank of the Arkansas, to its source, in latitude 42 north; and thence, by that parallel of latitude, to the South Sea. The whole being as laid down in Melish's map of the United States, published at Philadelphia, improved to the first of January, 1818. But if the source of the Arkansas River shall be found to fall north or south of latitude 42, then the line shall run from the said source due south or north, as the case may be, till it meets the said parallel of latitude 42, and thence, along the said parallel, to the South Sea: All the islands in the Sabine, and the said Red and Arkansas Rivers, throughout the course thus described. to belong to the United States; but the use of the waters, and the navigation of the Sabine to the sea, and of the said rivers Roxo and Arkansas, throughout the extent of the said boundary, on their respective banks, shall be common to the respective inhabitants of both nations. The two high contracting parties agree to cede and renounce all their rights, claims, and pretensions to the territories described by the said line, that is to say: The United States hereby cede to His Catholic Majesty, and renounce forever, all their rights, claims, and pretensions, to the territories lying west and south of the above-described line; and, in like manner, His Catholic Majesty cedes to the said United States all his rights, claims, and pretensions to any territories east and north of the said line, and for himself, his heirs, and successors, renounces all claim to the said territories forever. 

Questions for your loose leaf:

Shortly describe in your own words what guidelines each of the three articles mean.

 

 

Adam-Onis Treaty Continued

Watch the video and then draw the Adams-Onis Treaty line. Afterwards color in Florida and the panhandle, which is part of the land Jackson helped aquire for America.

The Adams-Onís Treaty, also called the Transcontinental Treaty, not only dealt with Florida but also said that Spain would give up any claims it had to the Oregon Country. In addition, the treaty established a clear boundary between the United States and Spanish territory at the 42nd parallel, or 42° north latitude. In exchange, the United States gave up any claims to Texas. By signing this and the treaties with Great Britain, the United States now claimed territory from ocean to ocean. It had become a continental nation.

Monroe Doctrine

Follow the link to go to an activity the helps analyze the Monroe Doctrine.

Answer questions 2-5. The questions in the analyzing box are not labeled, but there are six questions. The first questions is considered question 1. Please use your common sense in figuring out what questions are 2-5.

 

 

Expansion of the US

Click on the link below to make sure your map is correct and accurate before you turn it in.