Cultivation of relationships between political states as conducted by those states’ official representatives.
A newer term for track-two diplomacy, which recognizes that different kinds of groups may influence relations between countries, cultures, or other groups.
A group that is not the official representative of a government but is involved in inter/intranational conflict as an intervener.
A formal, recognized nation or government that has official power to conduct diplomacy with other nations.
Cultivation of relationships between political states or cultures through the action of non-official/non-government groups cultivating their own relationships.