Cultivation of relationships between political states as conducted by those states’ official representatives.
A newer term for track-two diplomacy, which recognizes that different kinds of groups may influence relations between countries, cultures, or other groups.
Cultivation of relationships between political states or cultures through the action of non-official/non-government groups cultivating their own relationships.
A formal, recognized nation or government that has official power to conduct diplomacy with other nations.
A group that is not the official representative of a government but is involved in inter/intranational conflict as an intervener.