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Muscular System

Muscular System


This lesson will introduce the structure and function of the bodies muscular system including the three types of muscle.

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Terms to Know
Cardiac muscle

​A form of muscle that contains short, branched, striated single nucleated cells; cardiac muscle is only located in the heart and is used to pump blood throughout the cardiovascular system.

Involuntary muscle

Muscle that we have no conscious control of; cardiac and smooth muscle are in this category.

Muscular system

​One of the eleven organ systems of the human body; contains three different types of histologically different forms of muscle (smooth, cardiac, skeletal) that are found in different areas of the body but all share the same primary function and movement.

Skeletal muscle

​A form of muscle that contains very long, striated, multinucleated cells; skeletal muscles are the largest form of muscles in the body and attached to the skeleton; these are used for the movement of our bones, generate heat and protect deeper internal organs.

Smooth muscle

​A form of muscle that contains short, tube-like (fusiform) single nucleated cells; smooth muscle range from having many layers to a single layer of cells; smooth muscle is found in the walls of hollow organs.

Voluntary muscle

Muscle that we have conscious control of; skeletal muscle is the only one of the three.