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Naming Acids

Naming Acids

Author: Abigail Baker
  1. Provide naming rules for common acids such as HCl, HF, HCN, etc.

  2. Demonstrate how to write the formula for an acid when given the name.

This packet will help a learner seeking knowledge of how to name inorganic acids.

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How do I know it's an acid?

Given the FORMULA

  • the formula will typical begin with a Hydrogen ion (H+)
    • examples: HCl, HF, HCN
  • combinations to recognize:
    • Hydrogen + another element
    • Hydrogen + a polyatomic ion

Given the NAME

  • the name of the acid typically includes the term "acid" and ends with -ic or -ous
    • examples: hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, nitric acid, sulfurous acid
  • combinations to recognize:
    • hydrochloric acid
    • nitric acid
    • sulfurous acid


Naming Acids containing Hydrogen + Another Element

Naming Acids containing Hydrogen + Polyatomic Ions

Writing Formulas for Acids