This lesson is going to cover the contribution of Carl Jung to psychology by looking at:
Carl Jung is a Neo-Freudian that was very influential in many areas of thought. His impact was not just to psychology but also art, literature, and philosophy. Jung was originally a student of Freud's that became a friend and confidante for him. Over time, he started to develop different ideas about unconsciousness.
Particularly, he focused on dreams, symbols, and their role within the unconscious, as opposed to Freud's focus on these sort of urges and desires of the id. Jung said that the personality was composed of three parts just like Freud.
Also like Freud, he stated that the ego is the central part of our personality and controls all of our conscious thoughts. Jung expanded on the idea of the ego by saying that a person's ego can either be:
This is a concept still used today, and it is very influential in personality psychology. On the other hand, Jung proposed two different aspects of what our unconscious is made of:
These universally understood and shared ideas that are stored in the collective unconscious are what Jung referred to as an archetypes. Archetypes are symbols of experiences and ideas that all human beings have. There are four major ones, although Jung said that there was really no limit to how many we could have.
There are the four archetypes that are central to a person:
A man would have an anima, an idealized form of a woman. This person’s anima would come mainly from their mother but is developed by other women in their life as well.
The persona a person presents with their parents from the persona shown to friends or strangers.
Carl Jung was a neo-Freudian who had an important impact on psychology, art, literature, and philosophy. Jung's theory of personality stated that it was made of three parts. Like Freud, Jung stated that he central part of personality is the ego. He expanded on the idea by saying the ego can be either introverted or extroverted.
His ideas on the unconscious part of the mind were different as well. He believed it was made of the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious. Jung also purposed that the collective unconscious is made up of knowledge, experiences, imagery, and symbols that are shared by all human beings called. There are an unlimited number of possible archetypes, but there are four that are central to a person. These four are the self, the shadow, the anima/animus, and the persona.
Keep up the learning and have a great day!
Source: This work is adapted from Sophia author Erick Taggart.
Individuals who find energy from being alone, often have a few close friends.
Social individuals who find energy from being around others, often have a wide array of friends.
Universal thought forms from our species' collective ancestry.