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Nucleic Acids

Nucleic Acids

Author: Amanda Soderlind

This lesson will introduce nucleic acids, including the two different types, their functions, and where they are found.

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DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) and RNA (Ribonucleic Acid) are two types of nucleic acids that contain genetic material.

RNA is responsible for the synthesis of proteins in your body and is made of ribose sugar, phosphate and nitrogen bases called adenine, uracil, cytosine and guanine. RNA can be found in the nucleus of the cell and also in the cytoplasm of the cell.

 DNA makes up who you are and controls your cells. It is made of deoxyribose sugar, phosphate and nitrogen bases called adenine, thymine, cytosine and guanine. DNA can be found in the nucleus of the cell. DNA is usually found in the form of a ladder that has been twisted and is called a double helix. The rungs of the ladder are made up of the nitrogen bases listed above.