- To recall the purpose and historical context of the Nuremberg Trials.
- To research a defendant in the Nuremberg Trials.
- To use various Google applications to demonstrate your knowledge.
This tutorial, done to fulfill the Google Chrome Classroom Certificate, can be used in a high school history class to teach various aspects of the Nuremberg Trials by assigning each student a defendant to research in preparation for a more thorough discussion of the process and consequences of the trials.
After the war, some of those responsible for crimes committed during the Holocaust were brought to trial. Nuremberg, Germany, was chosen as a site for trials that took place in 1945 and 1946. Judges from the Allied powers -- Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States -- presided over the hearings of twenty-two major Nazi criminals.
Twelve prominent Nazis were sentenced to death. Most of the defendants admitted to the crimes of which they were accused, although most claimed that they were simply following the orders of a higher authority. Those individuals directly involved in the killing received the most severe sentences. Other people who played key roles in the Holocaust, including high-level government officials, and business executives who used concentration camp inmates as forced laborers, received short prison sentences or no penalty at all.
The Nazis' highest authority, the person most to blame for the Holocaust, was missing at the trials. Adolf Hitler had committed suicide in the final days of the war, as had several of his closest aides. Many more criminals were never tried. Some fled Germany to live abroad, including hundreds who came to the United States.
Trials of Nazis continued to take place both in Germany and many other countries. Simon Wiesenthal, a Nazi-hunter, located Adolf Eichmann in Argentina. Eichmann, who had helped plan and carry out the deportations of millions of Jews, was brought to trial in Israel. The testimony of hundreds of witnesses, many of them survivors, was followed all over the world. Eichmann was found guilty and executed in 1962
JOACHIM VON RIBBENTROP
BALDUR VON SCHIRACH
FRANZ VON PAPEN
CONSTANTIN VON NEURATH (or Konstantin)
This PDF gives you direction for the questions you will need to include in your brief (1 page) biography paper. It also includes a list of websites you can use to research your defendant.
You will use Google Drive to write and share your biography page with me.
Title your paper with your last name and the name of your defendant. It should be roughly one page, double spaced. Include a works cited section at the end with the websites you have used. For more information on how to create and share a document with Google, watch the video below. For information on MLA citation style for your Works Cited section, check out https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/08/