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Nutrition and Health

Nutrition and Health

Description:

This lesson will look at the effect that diet and exercise have on normal body functions.

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Tutorial
TERMS TO KNOW
  • Vitamins

    A diverse class of organic compounds that are involved in almost every metabolic process in the human body.

  • Minerals

    Inorganic elements found in soil that are involved in almost every metabolic process of the human body.

  • Carbohydrates

    A class of organic compounds that are the body’s main source of energy; carbohydrates are sugars that can be found as monosaccharides (glucose), disaccharides (fructose), and polysaccharides (starch).

  • Lipids

    Long hydrophobic hydrocarbon chains that act as the body’s main source of stored energy along with other secondary functions.

  • Protein

    Large, complex polymers of amino acids that have diverse functions (structure, communication, identity, immunity, carriers, etc.)

  • Body Mass Index (BMI)

    A measurement ratio of your height and weight to assess a person’s body composition that is often used as a health and disease indicator.

  • Obesity

    Having too much body fat, not to be confused with being overweight, this means weighing too much. Obesity is a risk factor for many chronic diseases such as hypertension, type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease etc.

  • Essential Amino Acids

    Amino acids we cannot naturally synthesize are called essential amino acids; since we cannot synthesize them we must consume them in our diet.

  • Essential Fatty Acids

    Fatty acids we cannot naturally synthesize are called essential fatty acids; since we cannot synthesize them we must consume them in our diet.