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Nutrition and Health

Nutrition and Health

Author: Nathan Lampson
Description:

This lesson will look at the effect that diet and exercise have on normal body functions.

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Tutorial
Terms to Know
Body Mass Index (BMI)

A measurement ratio of your height and weight to assess a person’s body composition that is often used as a health and disease indicator.

Carbohydrates

A class of organic compounds that are the body’s main source of energy; carbohydrates are sugars that can be found as monosaccharides (glucose), disaccharides (fructose), and polysaccharides (starch).

Essential Amino Acids

Amino acids we cannot naturally synthesize are called essential amino acids; since we cannot synthesize them we must consume them in our diet.

Essential Fatty Acids

Fatty acids we cannot naturally synthesize are called essential fatty acids; since we cannot synthesize them we must consume them in our diet.

Lipids

Long hydrophobic hydrocarbon chains that act as the body’s main source of stored energy along with other secondary functions.

Minerals

Inorganic elements found in soil that are involved in almost every metabolic process of the human body.

Obesity

Having too much body fat, not to be confused with being overweight, this means weighing too much. Obesity is a risk factor for many chronic diseases such as hypertension, type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease etc.

Protein

Large, complex polymers of amino acids that have diverse functions (structure, communication, identity, immunity, carriers, etc.)

Vitamins

A diverse class of organic compounds that are involved in almost every metabolic process in the human body.