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Organizing Space

Organizing Space

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Description:

In this lesson you will learn to identify some of the basic components for organizing space in a layout.

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Tutorial

What's Covered

  1. Displaying Text Type
  2. Spread
  3. Bleed
  4. Column
  5. Alley
  6. Gutter

1. Displaying Text Type

Display is one of two general terms used to describe type size. Display type is larger than text and suitable for use in headline.

Terms to Know

    • Text
    • Also known as body copy: one of two general terms used to describe type size. Text is type 12 points or smaller which distinguishes it from headlines.
    • Display
    • One of two general terms used to describe type size. Display type is larger than text and suitable for use in a headline.

The image below shows the difference between display and text.

Text is also known as bunny copy and one of two general terms used to describe type size. And text is type 12 points or smaller, which distinguishes it from headline. You can see clearly that display would be used for headline and text would be the body of text.

Example You can see this in magazines or books where display is going to be used again for headlines or new chapters, and text is going to be acting as the rest of the body or reading material.


2. Spread

Spread is quite simply the term used for two facing pages.

Term to Know

    • Spread
    • The term for two facing pages.

The image below is a visual representation of a spread.

Within here, you also have a margin, which is the white area between the main contents of the page and the page edges. The image below highlights the margin in magenta.

An edge margin is going to help define where a line of text begins and where it ends.

ExampleIf you've ever printed out a report or something for school using a common printer, you'll notice that text doesn't usually print out edge to edge. There's always a margin-- that empty white space that separates the body of text from the edges of page.


3. Bleed

Bleed is when the composition or layout elements are extend all the way to the edge of the picture frame.

Term to Know

    • Bleed
    • In a composition, layout elements which extend all the way to the edge of the picture frame.

As you can see in the second page below with the scuba diver, the contents of the first page fit within the page, but the content in the second page extends all the way to the edges of the page.


4. Column

Columns are defined blocks of space that contain type or image.

Term to Know

    • Column
    • In a layout, a defined block of space that contains type or image. Columns are bordered by margins.

As you can see in the image below, columns are bordered by margins, and you can see the three columns that are quite defined, that contain type.


5. Alley

The empty spaces between columns are called alleys.

Term to Know

    • Alley
    • The space between columns.

Hint

Imagine the columns as buildings and between buildings, you have alleyways.


6. Gutter

No street is complete without a gutter. A gutter is a space between the two adding pages.

Term to Know

    • Gutter
    • The space between two adjoining pages.

When you combine two pages in a book, brochure, magazine or whatever, it's good to have a defined separation between the two, because it's going to allow for better printing.

It's also going to allow for better reading of the material being presented for the viewer.

Summary

Display type is larger than text and suitable for use in headling.  The difference between gutter and alley is that gutter is the space down the middle of a book, brochure, or magazine, and alleys are the space between columns (blocks of space that contain type).   Bleed is when the color goes all the way to the end of the page and a spread is a an ad or text that is two facing pages (with a gutter in the middle).

Keep up the learning and have a great day!

Source: SOURCE: THIS WORK IS ADAPTED FROM SOPHIA AUTHOR MARIO E. HERNANDEZ

TERMS TO KNOW
  • Text

    Also known as body copy: one of two general terms used to describe type size. Text is type 12 points or smaller which distinguishes it from headlines.

  • Display

    One of two general terms used to describe type size. Display type is larger than text and suitable for use in a headline.

  • Spread

    The term for two facing pages.

  • Bleed

    In a composition, layout elements which extend all the way to the edge of the picture frame.

  • Column

    In a layout, a defined block of space that contains type or image. Columns are bordered by margins.

  • Alley

    The space between columns.

  • Gutter

    The space between two adjoining pages.