Introduce common organizing structures/patterns of organization and outlining.
Explain how to choose an appropriate organizing structure (pattern of organization) that is appropriate to the purpose and audience.
Explain how to sustain an appropriate organizing structure throughout the body of the paper.
This packet should help a learner seeking to understand how to prepare to write a paper and who is confused about how to organize a paper. It will explain several common organizing structures.
The following slideshow introduces seven common organizational patterns that are frequently used in both essays and in speeches. Knowing the organizational patterns is the first step towards deciding which pattern is appropriate for any given essay or presentation.
Source: Dan Reade
Choosing the organizational pattern usually comes after a writer has determined the purpose, thesis, and arguments for his or her essay. The writer should also be keep his or her audience in mind. Once the writer knows these things, the writer can use the following series of steps to determine which organizational pattern may be bestfor the essay.
Source: Dan Reade
Once a writer has chosen an organizational pattern, the next challenge becomes how to use and sustain that pattern throughout the essay. The primary ways to do this are through the use of an outline and through revision. An outline helps the writer to see all of his or her points in summary and to focus on how to order those points so that the points follow the organizational pattern the writer has chosen. Revision helps the writer double check that his or her essay is following that pattern. The PDF below discusses both the construction of an outline and other revision techniques, all of which can be used to make sure an essay follows the appropriate organizational pattern.
Source: Creative Commons: The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Once a writer has chosen an organizational pattern, the next challenge becomes how to use and sustain that pattern throughout the essay. The primary way to do this is through the use of an outline. The video below gives a short yet excellent description of how to develop an outline.
When watching the video, notice the pattern the author uses to organize his topic. Can you identify it? The author in the video is using the emphatic pattern, by putting the least important or significant points at the top of his outline and most important or significant points at the bottom. This way, the audience of this author's essay will see his most powerful points last, which means the audience is more likely to remember those points after they've finished reading the essay.
Source: aboutyourenglish.com via. youtube.com
Organizing an essay is like plotting a trip on a map. There are certainly mutiple ways to get from point A to point B, but if an traveler or writer plans ahead, he or she can get the most out of his or her journey, or his or her essay. Once a writer has developed his or her thesis and evidence, then the next step becomes deciding how to best organization that evidence, using one of the following patterns:
Or another pattern of the writer's chosing. There are many more. Again, choosing the correct organizational pattern may not be the most important part of the essay but it will help make the writer's essay the most effective. Hopefully, this packet will help you make that choice.
Source: Dan Reade