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Orientalism in Architecture and Decorative Arts

Orientalism in Architecture and Decorative Arts

Description:

This lesson will examine the Moresque style of architecture in the context of Orientalism.

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Tutorial

Notes on "Orientalism in Architecture and Decorative Arts"

Overview

 

(00:00-00:56) Intro

(00:57-02:42) Islam and Moorish

(02:43-04:25) Chinoiserie

(04:26-05:53) Review, Key Terms, Conclusion

 

Key Terms

 

Moresque

A synonym for a Islamic decorative style of arabesque or interlaced patterns observed in Mannerism

Moorish

Relating to the Muslim people of North Africa. Also a style of Muslim architecture in Spain.

Minarets

A tower attached to a mosque calling people to prayer.

Arched Window

A feature of Islamic architectural where the window is characterized by having a rounded top.

Chinoiserie

An 18th century style of western European art that incorporates the influence of Chinese decorative elements.

Tin-Glazed Pottery

pottery covered with a shiny white glaze to make it resemble Chinese Porcelain

Decorative Arts

A 19th-century art movement that rejected Realism, using the convention of representing things through symbols or signs
 

Delftware

A type of tin-glazed pottery produced in the Netherlands from the 16th to the 18th centuries.

Islam

The religious faith of Muslims with the basic principle of absolute submission to Allah.

 

Works Cited

Sofia Synagogue; Creative Commons: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Synagogue_in_Sofia_20090406_002.JPG The Chinese Garden; Public Domain: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Le_Jardin_chinois_%28detail%29_by_Fran%C3%A7ois_Boucher.jpg Vienna Porcelain Jug; Creative Commons (I, Sailko): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Museo_delle_porcellane_di_Firenze,_porcellane_viennesi_a_cineserie,_1799,_02.JPG Arabesco de Mendina Azahara: Public Domain http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Arabesco_de_Medina_Azahara_%282%29_%28C%C3%B3rdoba,_Espa%C3%B1a%29.jpg Baghshan Mosque at Nishapur: Public Domain http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Baghshan_Mosque_at_Nishapur.JPG Brighton Royal Pavillion: Public Domain http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Brighton_Royal_Pavilion.jpg Moorish Mosque Facade: Public Domain http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Moorish_Mosque_Facade.JPG Delft Vases 1725 1760: Public Domain http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Delft_vases_1725_1760.jpg

 

TERMS TO KNOW
  • Moresque

    A synonym for an Islamic decorative style of arabesque or interlaced patterns observed in Mannerism.

  • Moorish

    Relating to the Muslim people of North Africa. Also a style of Muslim architecture in Spain.

  • Minarets

    A tower attached to a mosque calling people to prayer.

  • Arched Window

    A feature of Islamic architecture where the window is characterized by having a rounded top.

  • Chinoiserie

    An 18th-century style of western European art that incorporates the influence of Chinese decorative elements.

  • Tin-Glazed Pottery

    Pottery covered in a shiny white glaze to make it resemble Chinese porcelain.

  • Decorative Arts

    A 19th-century art movement that rejected Realism, using the convention of representing things through symbols or signs.

  • Delftware

    A type of tin-glazed pottery produced in the Netherlands from the 16th to the 18th-centuries.

  • Islam

    The religious faith of Muslims with the basic principle of absolute submission to Allah.